Comunidades Pesqueiras, Etnoecologia, Ecologia Humana e Segurança Alimentar: uma revisão de conceitos, modelos e ensino

Autores

  • Alpina Begossi Universidade Estadual de Campinas
  • Mariana Clauzet Universidade Santa Cecília
  • Robert Dyball Australia National University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/san.v22i1.8641579

Palavras-chave:

Etnoecologia. Ecologia humana. Pescadores artesanais. Segurança alimentar.

Resumo

A literatura sobre incentivos para conservar a biodiversidade frequentemente sobrepõe processos e resultados. Há necessidade de revisar os principais resultados, como governança e co-manejo; os principais processos, como confiança, legitimidade e transparência; os principais ‘drivers’ (motivadores, fatores impulsionadores) que podem ser positivos (incentivos, segurança alimentar, biodiversidade) ou negativos (poluição, pobreza); como ainda os instrumentos disponíveis para alcançar resultados, como processos colaborativos e conhecimento local (‘local ecological knowledge, LEK’). LEK é sugerida aqui como tendo um grande potencial dentro de processos colaborativos em comunidades pesqueiras. Um Modelo de Ecologia Humana (CAT – Modelos de Adaptação Cultural), adaptado a comunidades pesqueiras de pequena escala, é usado como ferramenta analítica no sentido de organizar processos de ‘feedback’ entre informação ecológica, processos colaborativos e segurança alimentar. Ilustramos a colaboração com os pescadores através de pesquisa realizada em Copacabana (Posto 6), Rio de Janeiro, no estudo de garoupas (Epinephelus marginatus). Avaliamos ainda os motivadores positivos que podem engajar os pescadores no co-manejo, como PSA (Pagamentos de Serviços Ambientais). PSAs podem ser aplicados no co-manejo, como em MPAs (áreas protegidas marinhas) através de pagamento direto a pescadores que ajudem na vigilância dessas áreas.

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Biografia do Autor

Alpina Begossi, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

UNICAMP: CAPESCA/NEPA.
FIFO (Fisheries and Food Institute) & ECOMAR/UNISANTA 

Mariana Clauzet, Universidade Santa Cecília

FIFO (Fisheries and Food Institute) & ECOMAR/UNISANTA

Robert Dyball, Australia National University

Australia National University, Lecturer, Fenner School of Environment and Society. ANU College of Medicine, Biology and Environment.

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Publicado

2015-11-04

Como Citar

1.
Begossi A, Clauzet M, Dyball R. Comunidades Pesqueiras, Etnoecologia, Ecologia Humana e Segurança Alimentar: uma revisão de conceitos, modelos e ensino. Segur. Aliment. Nutr. [Internet]. 4º de novembro de 2015 [citado 24º de outubro de 2021];22(1):574-90. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/san/article/view/8641579

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Artigo de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional