Bolton ratio in subjects with normal occlusion and malocclusion

Authors

  • Ivan Delgado Ricci Methodist University of São Paulo
  • Marco Antonio Scanavini Methodist University of São Paulo
  • Armando Koichiro Kaieda Methodist University of São Paulo
  • Henrique Damian Rosário Sacred Heart University
  • Luiz Renato Paranhos Federal University of Sergipe

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v12i4.8640984

Keywords:

Malocclusion, Angle class I, Angle class II, Tooth abnormalities

Abstract

Aim: To verify the presence of Bolton anterior and total discrepancy in Brazilian individuals with natural normal occlusion and Angle’s Class I and Class II, division 1 malocclusions. Methods: The sample was divided in three groups (n=35 each): natural normal occlusion; Class I malocclusion; Class II, division 1 malocclusion. Of the 105 Caucasian Brazilian individuals, 24 were boys and 81 were girls aged from 13 to 17 years and 4 months. The mesiodistal width of the maxillary and mandibular teeth, from the left first molar to the right first molar, was measured on each pre-treatment dental plaster cast using a digital caliper accurate to 0.01 mm resolution. Values were tabulated and the Bolton ratio was applied. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to verify if data were normally distributed (p>0.2). For comparison between the values obtained and those from the Bolton standard, Student’s t test was used and one-way ANOVA was used for comparisons among the 3 groups, with a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). Results: For groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively, the total ratio found was 90.36% (SD 1.70), 91.17% (SD±2.58) and 90.76% (SD±2.45); and the anterior ratio was 77.73% (SD 2.39), 78.01% (SD 2.66) and 77.30% (SD 2.65). Conclusions: There was no significant difference among the groups regarding the values indicated in the Bolton ratio.

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Author Biographies

Ivan Delgado Ricci, Methodist University of São Paulo

Department of Orthodontics, Methodist University of São Paulo, São Bernardo do Campo, SP.

Marco Antonio Scanavini, Methodist University of São Paulo

Department of Orthodontics, Methodist University of São Paulo, São Bernardo do Campo, SP.

Armando Koichiro Kaieda, Methodist University of São Paulo

Department of Orthodontics, Methodist University of São Paulo, São Bernardo do Campo, SP.

Henrique Damian Rosário, Sacred Heart University

Department of Oral Biology, Sacred Heart University, Bauru, SP.

Luiz Renato Paranhos, Federal University of Sergipe

Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Sergipe, Lagarto, SE.

Published

2015-10-15

How to Cite

1.
Ricci ID, Scanavini MA, Kaieda AK, Rosário HD, Paranhos LR. Bolton ratio in subjects with normal occlusion and malocclusion. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 15 [cited 2022 Dec. 9];12(4):357-61. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640984

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