Detection of bifid mandibular condyle by panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography

Authors

  • Frederico Sampaio Neves University of Campinas
  • Laura Ricardina Ramírez-Sotelo University of Campinas
  • Gina Roque-Torres University of Campinas
  • Gabriella Lopes Resende Barbosa University of Campinas
  • Francisco Haiter Neto University of Campinas
  • Deborah Queiroz de Freitas University of Campinas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v12i1.8641120

Keywords:

Mandibular condyle, Computed tomography, Temporomandibular joint

Abstract

Aim: To compare panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the diagnosis of bifid mandibular condyle. Methods: The sample consisted of 350 individuals who underwent panoramic radiography and CBCT. In the panoramic radiographs and CBCT images, the presence or absence of bifid mandibular condyle was determined. Results: Presence of bifid mandibular condyle was detected in four cases (1.1%). In all cases, the relation of one condylar process to the other was mediolateral and history of trauma was reported. None of the individuals had symptoms. In two cases, panoramic radiography did not reveal the presence of bifid mandibular condyle. Conclusions: Initial screening for bifid mandibular condyle can be performed by panoramic radiography; however, CBCT images can reveal morphological changes and the exact orientation of the condyle heads.

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Author Biographies

Frederico Sampaio Neves, University of Campinas

Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP.

Laura Ricardina Ramírez-Sotelo, University of Campinas

Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP.

Gina Roque-Torres, University of Campinas

Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP.

Gabriella Lopes Resende Barbosa, University of Campinas

Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP.

Francisco Haiter Neto, University of Campinas

Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP.

Deborah Queiroz de Freitas, University of Campinas

Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP.

Published

2015-10-19

How to Cite

1.
Neves FS, Ramírez-Sotelo LR, Roque-Torres G, Barbosa GLR, Haiter Neto F, Freitas DQ de. Detection of bifid mandibular condyle by panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 19 [cited 2022 Nov. 30];12(1):16-9. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641120

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