O ato de testemunhar: violência, gênero e subjetividade

  • Veena Das Johns Hopkins University
Palavras-chave: Partição da Índia. Violência. Gênero. Relações Familiares. Punjab

Resumo

O contexto é a Partição da Índia em 1949, que levou à criação do Paquistão, visto a partir da cultura punjabi (o Punjab era a província mais próxima da fronteira com o novo estado) e, particularmente, através dos olhos de Asha que, aos 21 anos, em 1941, ficara viúva e passara a viver com a família do falecido marido. As transformações impostas pela Partição alteraram essa situação e levaram Asha às seguintes reflexões. A comida de uma filha nunca é pesada para os pais. Mas quanto viverão nossos pais? Quando até dois pedaços de pão são sentidos como “pesados” por nosso próprio irmão... é melhor manter a honra ... e fazer sua paz... e viver onde se está destinada a viver. A exegese dessas reflexões constitui o núcleo analítico do texto. E, sobre a partição, a autora não se pergunta como os acontecimentos estavam presentes nas consciências como acontecimentos passados, mas como vieram a ser incorporados na estrutura temporal das relações.

Abstract

The context is the Partition of India in 1949, with the creation of Pakistan, as seen from the point of view of Punjabi culture (the Punjab was the province closer to the frontiers of the new state) and particularly through the eyes of Asha, a widow 21 years old in 1941, who lived with his deceased husband‟s family. The transformations derived from the Partition give rise to Asha‟s following reflections. A daughter’s food is never heavy on her parents. But how long will one’s parents live? When two pieces of bread are experienced as heavy by one’s own brother… then it is better to keep one’s honor… make one’s peace … and live where one was destined to live. The exegesis of this text is the analytical nucleus of the text. The author is not asking how the events of the Partition were present to consciousness as past events but how they came to be incorporated into the temporal structure of relationships.

Key Words: Partition of India, Violence, Gender, Family History, Punjab

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Biografia do Autor

Veena Das, Johns Hopkins University

Veena Das (Hindi: वीना दास; born 1945) is the Krieger-Eisenhower Professor of Anthropology at the Johns Hopkins University. She is an established figure in Indian Anthropology, and one of the most frequently cited anthropologists. Her areas of theoretical specialization include the anthropology of violence, social suffering, and the state. Das has received multiple international awards including the Ander Retzius Gold Medal, delivered the prestigious Lewis Henry Morgan Lecture and was named a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

 

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Publicado
2016-04-14
Como Citar
Das, V. (2016). O ato de testemunhar: violência, gênero e subjetividade. Cadernos Pagu, (37), 9-41. Recuperado de https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/cadpagu/article/view/8645006