Este artigo amplia a literatura comparativa de sistemas de seguridade na América Latina através da incorporação da dimensão avaliativa. Seu objetivo é a classificação dos sistemas de seguridade nos 36 países latino-americanos utilizando uma metodologia que possibilita uma avaliação do modelo estatutário do sistema de cada país. A conclusão mostra que a região com os melhores modelos é a América Central, marginalmente à frente da América do Sul. Os melhores sistemas nacionais de seguridade na América Latina estão na Bolívia, Uruguai, Brasil, Nicarágua e Argentina. Observam-se programas de nível mundial no Brasil, Argentina, Chile, Peru e Nicarágua.
This paper extends the comparative social security literature on Latin America by incorporating an evaluative dimension. The purpose of this paper is to rank social security systems in 36 Latin American countries using a comparative evaluation methodology that enables an assessment to be made of a country’s statutory social security intention. The conclusion drawn is that the region with the best designed Latin American social security systems is Central America, very marginally ahead of South America. The best-designed national social security systems in Latin American be found in Bolivia, Uruguay , Brazil, Nicaragua and Argentina. World-class designed social security programs exist in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru and Nicaragua.
Key words: Latin America, social security, evaluation methodology
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