O papel das pesquisas de opinião pública na consolidação da democracia: a experiência latino-americana

Autores

  • Fabián Echegaray Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Palavras-chave:

Opinião pública. Pesquisas de opinião. Processo de democratização, América Latina

Resumo

Desde inícios dos anos 80, as pesquisas políticas e de opinião pública na América Latina têm se constituído num evento central ao processo de democratização. Quase todos os dias, os principais jornais e redes de TV da cada país nos informam sobre estudos focados sobre assuntos vinculados ao desenvolvimento político das novas democracias. Grande parte do que conhecemos sobre essas instituições é produto de pesquisas. Mas, qual têm sido as conseqüências disso? Este artigo mostra que essas pesquisas definem interações centrais entre elites políticas e cidadania nesses países, e que têm um papel central no seus processos de democratização.

 

Abstract

Since the beginning of the eighties the political surveys in Latin America have a central role in the process of democratization. Almost everyday the main newspapers and tv broadcastings of each country inform us the results of studies that focuses on the political development of the new democracies. Most of what we know about these democracies is due to these studies. But what are the consequences of this role? This article argues that the public opinion surveys define central interactions between the political elites and the citizenship in these countries, and that they have a central role in their democratization processes.

Key-words: public opinion, survey research, democratization process, Latin América

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Biografia do Autor

Fabián Echegaray, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Fabián é fundador e diretor geral da Market Analysis. Ele trabalha com pesquisa de mercado e opinião pública na América Latina desde o início dos anos 90 e escreveu numerosos artigos sobre comportamento social e político, sustentabilidade e economia verde. Fabián faz publicações frequentemente em reconhecidos veículos nacionais e internacionais e em importantes círculos acadêmicos de estudos de consumo. Ele é PhD em Ciências Políticas pela Universidade de Connecticut (EUA) e fez especialização em pesquisa no Roper Center e na Universidade de Michigan – ICPSR (EUA).

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Publicado

2015-10-16

Como Citar

ECHEGARAY, F. O papel das pesquisas de opinião pública na consolidação da democracia: a experiência latino-americana. Opinião Pública, Campinas, SP, v. 7, n. 1, p. 60–74, 2015. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/op/article/view/8641075. Acesso em: 23 jan. 2022.

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