Diferenças de gênero na República Dominicana, 1994-2004: dois passos à frente, um passo para trás?

Autores

  • Jana Morgan Kelly University of Tennessee
  • Rosario Espinal Temple University
  • Jonathan Hartlyn University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Palavras-chave:

Diferença de gênero. Participação política. Democracia. Republica Dominicana

Resumo

A lenta mudança da natureza da diferença de gênero responde tanto a mudanças sociais, como urbanização, educação, o ingresso das mulheres na força de trabalho e a democratização, quanto a esforços combinados por movimentos sociais e líderes políticos para a ampliação dos direitos da mulher. Esses fatores claramente tiveram impacto na República Dominicana na última década, influenciando as diferenças de gênero no país. Avaliamos a natureza e a evolução das diferenças de gênero na Rep. Dominicana mo período de 1994 a 2004, utilizando dados de surveys nacionais – Demos surveys – realizados em 1994, 1997, 2001 e 2004. A análise desses surveys indica que aspectos do que tem sido denominado uma ‘diferença de gênero tradicional’ permanece no país com relação ao engajamento cívico, interesse político e atitudes democráticas. Ao mesmo tempo, essa diferença desaparece com relação à participação eleitoral , e uma ‘diferença moderna de gênero’ emerge pela primeira vez com relação às atitudes sobre o papel da mulher na política. Idade e escolaridade têm efeitos diferenciais significativos e substantivos no conjunto de atitudes de homens e mulheres dominicanos nesse período.

 

Abstract

The slowly changing nature of the gender gap responds both to significant social changes, such as urbanization, education, the entry of women into the labor force, and democratization, as well as to concerted efforts by social movements and political leaders to broaden women’s right. These factors have clearly played an important role in the Dominican Republic over this past decade, impacting the country’s gender gap. We assess the nature and evolution of the Dominican Republic’s gender gap over the 1994-2004 period employing data taken from four nationwide public opinion surveys in the Dominican Republic – the Demos surveys – conducted in 1994, 1997, 2001, and 2004. The analysis of these surveys indicates that elements of what has been termed a traditional gender gap remain in place in the country with regard to civic engagement, political interest, and attitudes toward democracy. At the same time, this gap disappeared with regard to voter participation in elections and a modern gender gap emerged for the first time with regard to attitudes about the role of women in politics. Age and education have consistent and substantial differential effects across the attitudinal profiles of Dominican men and women over this time period.

Key words: gender gap, political participation, democracy, Dominican Republic

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Biografia do Autor

Jana Morgan Kelly, University of Tennessee

I joined the Department of Political Science in Fall 2005 after completing my PhD (2005) and M.A. (2001) in Political Science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. I received a B.A. in Political Science and Spanish from Wheaton College in 1998.
My research considers issues of inequality, exclusion and representation. I am particularly interested in exploring how economic, social and political inequalities affect marginalized groups and undermine democratic institutions and outcomes.

Rosario Espinal, Temple University

Autora de los libros “Autoritarismo y Democracia en la Política Dominicana” y “Democracia Epiléptica en la Sociedad del Clic”, y de numerosos artículos sobre política dominicana publicados en revistas académicas en América Latina, Estados Unidos y Europa. Doctora en sociología y profesora en Temple University en Filadelfia, donde también ha sido directora del Departamento de Sociología y del Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos.

Jonathan Hartlyn, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Dr. Jonathan Hartlyn, the Kenneth J. Reckford Distinguished Professor of Political Science, is the Senior Associate Dean for Social Sciences and Global Programs in the College of Arts and Sciences.

As Senior Associate Dean for Social Sciences, Hartlyn oversees: Aerospace Studies; African, African American and Diaspora Studies; American Studies; Anthropology; Archaeology; Asian Studies; City and Regional Planning; Economics; Geography; History; Military Science; Naval Science; Political Science; Public Policy; Sociology; the Center for Urban and Regional Studies; and the Curriculum in Peace, War and Defense.

- See more at: http://college.unc.edu/administrationcontacts/jonathan-hartlyn-senior-associate-dean-for-social-sciences-and-global-programs/#sthash.TW7Tb0qj.dpuf

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Publicado

2015-10-22

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Kelly, J. M., Espinal, R., & Hartlyn, J. (2015). Diferenças de gênero na República Dominicana, 1994-2004: dois passos à frente, um passo para trás?. Opinião Pública, 12(2), 241–276. Recuperado de https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/op/article/view/8641228

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