Voto e Classe: notas sobre alguns estudos recentes

Autores

  • Sérgio Eduardo Ferraz Universidade de São Paulo

Palavras-chave:

Clivagens. Estudos eleitorais. Comportamento politico. Voto. Classe social

Resumo

Este artigo apresenta uma inflexão na literatura acadêmica desafiadora do consenso, firmado nas décadas de 1980 e 1990, em torno da ideia da perda de importância relativa das clivagens sociais e, em especial, classistas, enquanto variável explicativa do comportamento eleitoral em democracias avançadas. O texto apresenta e discute amostra de recentes pesquisas internacionais que convergem na revalorização da classe social enquanto fonte de orientação do voto e sublinha a importância atribuída por essa nova literatura à questão metodológica e ao reexame da informação empírica coletada nas últimas décadas sobre o voto, destacando alguns dos resultados obtidos que sugerem uma nova compreensão da relação entre classe e sufrágio nas democracias maduras.

 

Abstract.

This article aims to provide an approach on a possible inflexion ongoing in contemporary electoral comparative studies, challenging the consensus reached in the 1980s and 1990s around the idea of the loss of the relative importance of social divisions and, in particular, classists, as the explanatory variable of electoral behavior in advanced democracies. In that sense, the text presents and discusses samples of recent international studies that converge on the revaluation of social class as a source of guidance on vote. It is pointed out the attributed importance by this new literature on the methodologic question and in the review of empirical information collected in the last decades by vote, especially some of the results that suggest a new understanding of the relationship between class and suffrage in mature democracies.

Key-words: clivages; electoral studies; political behavior; vote; social class

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Biografia do Autor

Sérgio Eduardo Ferraz, Universidade de São Paulo

Doutor em Ciência Política pela Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP). Graduado em Economia e em Direito pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), sendo mestre em Ciência Política também pela UFPE. Recebeu o Prêmio Capes de Teses, edição 2013, na área de Ciência Política e Relações Internacionais, pelo trabalho "O Império Revisitado: Instabilidade Ministerial, Câmara dos Deputados e Poder Moderador (1840-1889)" . Pesquisador na área de Instituições Políticas e de Teoria Política. Ministrou cursos na Fundação Getúlio Vargas (MBA/RJ), Faculdade Marista, Escola de Governo de Pernambuco e Escola Superior do Ministério Público de Pernambuco. Exerceu também cargos de gerência e de diretoria executiva na área de auditoria, controle interno e avaliação de políticas públicas na Secretaria Especial da Controladoria Geral e na Secretaria da Fazenda, ambas do estado de Pernambuco, onde ocupa o cargo efetivo de Auditor do Tesouro.

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Publicado

2015-10-27

Como Citar

FERRAZ, S. E. Voto e Classe: notas sobre alguns estudos recentes. Opinião Pública, Campinas, SP, v. 15, n. 2, p. 451–477, 2015. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/op/article/view/8641338. Acesso em: 26 out. 2021.

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