“Muro baixo, o povo pula”: iniciativas institucionais de participação digital e seus desafios fundamentais

Autores

  • Francisco Paulo Jamil Almeida Marques Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Palavras-chave:

Internet. Democracia. Participação. Instituições políticas. Representação

Resumo

O artigo investiga as dificuldades mais comuns enfrentadas pelos projetos governamentais voltados para incrementar a participação através do emprego dos media digitais. Após breve diagnóstico dos recursos participativos existentes nos Portais da Presidência da República e da Câmara dos Deputados, é verificado se os constrangimentos técnicos e políticos que a literatura aponta em relação à adoção das ferramentas de comunicação digital se refletem em tais experiências. À luz dos elementos fornecidos pela investigação dos casos empíricos, defende-se o argumento de que promover a participação requer mais do que a oferta de recursos de comunicação, uma vez que cultura cívica e outras peculiaridades de cada democracia são fatores determinantes a influenciarem os padrões de envolvimento político. Se a idéia dos autores mais eufóricos se refere ao argumento de que a Internet torna o "muro" que protege as instituições representativas mais fácil de pular, deve-se considerar que o jogo político tradicional conta, muitas vezes, com artifícios próprios a fim de evitar o emprego efetivo das capacidades da rede digital.

 

Abstract:

The article examines the difficulties faced by government projects aimed at fostering citizens’ political participation by using the Internet. After presenting the participatory tools found on two institutional websites (the Brazilian Presidency and the House of Representatives), I examine how the constraints pointed out by a relevant part of the literature in e-participation are reflected on such initiatives. The discussion grounded on empirical evidences highlights the argument that promoting online participation needs more than providing communication resources, since civic culture and other issues are still key factors in influencing our patterns of political involvement. A participatory use of digital tools will then depend more on circumstances such as institutional willingness than on the technical mechanisms available. Keywords: e-democracy; e-government; political participation; political institutions

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Biografia do Autor

Francisco Paulo Jamil Almeida Marques, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Professor e Pesquisador da Universidade Federal do Paraná. Pesquisador da Universidade Federal do Ceará. Bolsista de Produtividade em Pesquisa do CNPq (PQ-2). Pós-Doutor em Comunicação Social (2009) pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Doutor (2008) e Mestre (2004) em Comunicação e Cultura Contemporâneas pela Universidade Federal da Bahia. Possui Graduação em Jornalismo (2001) pela Universidade Federal do Ceará, com certificado "Magna Cum Laude". 

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2015-10-27

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MARQUES, F. P. J. A. “Muro baixo, o povo pula”: iniciativas institucionais de participação digital e seus desafios fundamentais. Opinião Pública, Campinas, SP, v. 16, n. 1, p. 117–142, 2015. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/op/article/view/8641346. Acesso em: 19 out. 2021.

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