Os democratas insatisfeitos são críticos? Reavaliando o conceito de cidadão crítico

Autores

  • Mario Fuks Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Gabriel Avila Casalecchi Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Mateus Morais Araújo Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Palavras-chave:

Cidadão crítico. Democrata insatisfeito. Compromisso democrático. Mobilização cognitiva.

Resumo

Vários estudos utilizam os termos “cidadão crítico” e “democrata insatisfeito” de forma intercambiável, assumindo que ambos abordam o mesmo perfil de cidadão. No entanto, estudos recentes conduzidos em novas democracias questionaram essa suposição, argumentando que aqueles que estão insatisfeitos nem sempre são críticos. Este artigo investiga essa questão com base numa comparação entre os Estados Unidos e o Brasil. A partir da criação de dois tipos de cidadãos, o democrata insatisfeito e o democrata crítico, nós avaliamos se os democratas insatisfeitos são também críticos. Em seguida, testamos qual dos dois tipos de cidadão é mais engajado e tem atitudes mais democráticas. Os resultados mostram que os democratas insatisfeitos não são necessariamente críticos e que os democratas críticos estão mais engajados na política e mais comprometidos com a democracia do que os democratas não críticos.

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Biografia do Autor

Mario Fuks, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Associate Professor, Departament of Political Science, College of Philosophy and Human Sciences (Fafich), Federal University of Minas Gerais.

Gabriel Avila Casalecchi, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Doctor and post-doctoral fellow at Capes, Department of Sociology and Political Science, Center of Philosophy and Human Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina.

Mateus Morais Araújo, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Researcher at the Observatory of Justice in Brazil and Latin America, Federal University of Minas Gerais. Doctorate in Political Science, Department of Political Science, College of Philosophy and Human Sciences (Fafich), Federal University of Minas Gerais.

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Publicado

2017-11-09

Como Citar

FUKS, M.; CASALECCHI, G. A.; ARAÚJO, M. M. Os democratas insatisfeitos são críticos? Reavaliando o conceito de cidadão crítico. Opinião Pública, Campinas, SP, v. 23, n. 2, p. 316–333, 2017. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/op/article/view/8650182. Acesso em: 22 jan. 2022.

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