A Invasão da Arcádia: As cientistas no Campo na América Latina, 1900-1950

Autores

  • Pamela Henson Divisão de História Institucional, Arquivos da Smithsonian Institution

Palavras-chave:

Gênero. Ciência. Sufragismo. Redes de solidariedade

Resumo

Resumo

O artigo discute relações de gênero a partir da atuação de cientistas no campo, na América Latina, na primeira metade do século 20. Aborda questões como a conquista do espaço institucional, a especialização das ciências naturais, o poder dos financiadores e o fazer ciência no campo como rito de passagem. Tomando como exemplo a botânica Agnes Chase, que ascendeu de desenhista amadora a grande especialista em gramíneas, o artigo fornece um rico panorama da ciência com relação à dominação colonial, o interesse pelos trópicos e os preconceitos dos cientistas. Mostra ainda como Agnes Chase, cientista e sufragista, graças a suas viagens pela América Latina, tece uma rede informal e solidária, especialmente com as jovens pesquisadoras.

 

Abstract

This paper discusses gender issues confronted by women scientists in the field, in Latin America, in the first half of the 20th century. It deals with issues such as the conquest of institutional spaces, the institutionalization of natural sciences, the power of philanthropists and the pursuit of field science as a rite of passage. Using the example of botanist Agnes Chase, who ascended from an amateur botanical painter to a top specialist in grasses, the paper looks at issues ranging from science in relation to colonial domination, the great interest in tropical research, and scientists’ attitudes towards women in the field. It shows also, how Agnes Chase, scientist and libertarian, created an informal network, thanks to her travels in Latin American. This network would provide help and career guidance especially for young women researchers.

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Biografia do Autor

Pamela Henson, Divisão de História Institucional, Arquivos da Smithsonian Institution

Historiadora da Divisão de História Institucional, Arquivos da Smithsonian Institution

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Publicado

2015-06-03

Como Citar

Henson, P. (2015). A Invasão da Arcádia: As cientistas no Campo na América Latina, 1900-1950. Cadernos Pagu, (15), 165–197. Recuperado de https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/cadpagu/article/view/8635572