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Laços que prendem: interpretações culturais sobre a maturidade tardia na Europa ocidental e no Japão

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NEWMAN, K. S. Laços que prendem: interpretações culturais sobre a maturidade tardia na Europa ocidental e no Japão. Cadernos Pagu, Campinas, SP, n. 32, p. 43–82, 2016. Disponível em: Acesso em: 2 dez. 2023.


Nas sociedades nas quais a “saída tardia” da casa da família é comum, as pressões estruturais que levam nessa direção são semelhantes. No entanto, a resposta cultural varia consideravelmente de uma sociedade para outra. A análise comparativa entre vários países sugere que fatores demográficos muito semelhantes assumem um grau diferente de significação e distintos padrões de sentido. De fato, o que há de mais comum entre os países a respeito da saída tardia de casa, são as respostas políticas de seus governos, uniformemente preocupados com o declínio da taxa de nascimentos. Quanto aos cidadãos comuns, o “fracasso em começar” varia de uma catástrofe social (Japão), passando por uma frustração estrutural mais leve (Espanha) até a não problematização, ao passo que para seus pares nórdicos, a capacidade de começar cedo é enfrentada sem hesitação, mas acompanhada pela aborrecida sensação de que as gerações não precisam tanto uma da outra como de fato deveriam precisar.


In the societies where “delayed departure” is common, the structural pressures leading in this direction are similar. Yet the cultural response varies considerably from one society to the next. Comparative analysis across a range of countries suggests that very similar demographic facts come to assume a different degree of significance and distinctive patterns of meaning. Indeed, the main commonality across the delayed departure countries emerges in the policy responses of their governments, which are uniformly worried about the declining birth rate. As for the ordinary citizen, the “failure to launch” varies from a social catastrophe (Japan), to a somewhat milder structural frustration (Spain), to a non-problem (Italy), while for their Nordic counterparts, the ability to launch early is taken in stride, but is accompanied by the nagging sensation that the generations don‟t need each other as much as perhaps they should.

Key Words: Delayed Departure, Japan, Spain, Nordic Countries



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