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Esculpindo a “Nova Mulher Negra”: feminilidade e respeitabilidade nos escritos de algumas representantes da raça nos EUA (1895-1904)


“Mulher da raça”. “Nova mulher negra”. Educação. Pós-abolição. Cidadania. EUA

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XAVIER, Giovana. Esculpindo a “Nova Mulher Negra”: feminilidade e respeitabilidade nos escritos de algumas representantes da raça nos EUA (1895-1904). Cadernos Pagu, Campinas, SP, n. 40, p. 255–287, 2016. Disponível em: Acesso em: 19 jun. 2024.


Na virada do século XIX, intelectuais afro-americanas assumiram a missão de construir uma nova face pública para sua raça. Com trajetórias excepcionais em relação à maioria da população negra, “mulheres da raça”, como Anna Cooper e Fannie Williams, deixaram escritos que apontavam o melhor caminho para preparar as “massas negras” para o mundo livre. Devido ao poder econômico, à formação intelectual e à luta antiracista, elas personificavam a imagem da “nova mulher negra”. O objetivo deste artigo é discutir quem era e o que se esperava dessa personagem, construída no pós-abolição dos EUA.


At the turn of the twentieth century, African American intellectuals took on the mission of constructing a new public image for their people. Over the course of trajectories that were exceptional in comparison with the majority of the black population, “race women” such as Anna Cooper and Fannie Williams left writings indicating the best route to prepare the “black masses” for freedom. Due to their economic standing, their intellectual training and their struggle against racism, these women personified the “New Negro Woman.” My objective is to describe the image of this “New Negro Woman” as it was constructed in the postemancipation United States.

Key Words: “Race Woman”, “Female Talent”, “New Negro Woman”, Education, Post-emancipation, United States of America.



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