Integração financeira e crescimento econômico: teoria, evidência e política

Autores

  • Aderbal Oliveira Damasceno Instituto de Economia da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Palavras-chave:

Integração financeira. Fluxo de capitais. Crescimento econômico

Resumo

Este trabalho desenvolve uma análise teórica e empírica sobre as relações entre integração financeira e crescimento econômico. Utilizando dados para 105 países durante o período 1980-2004, serão estimadas equações de crescimento especificadas na forma de um modelo dinâmico de dados em painel. A análise da literatura teórica explicita a fragilidade do arcabouço teórico que fundamenta a hipótese de que a integração financeira estimula o crescimento econômico de longo prazo. As evidências econométricas apresentadas não corroboram a hipótese de que a integração financeira estimula o crescimento econômico de longo prazo mesmo em países com alto nível de desenvolvimento institucional, de desenvolvimento financeiro, de abertura comercial, de estabilidade macroeconômica e de flexibilidade do regime cambial. Esses resultados questionam os fundamentos subjacentes às recomendações de políticas para eliminação de controles de capitais.

Abstract

This paper develops a theoretical and empirical analysis regarding the relationship between financial integration and long-run economic growth. Using data for a sample of 105 countries over the period 1980-2004, will be estimated growth equations specified in the form of a dynamic panel data model. The theoretical literature analysis clarifies the fragility of the theoretical framework that fundaments the hypothesis that financial integration stimulates long-run economic growth. The econometrical evidences presented do not corroborate the hypothesis that financial integration stimulates the long-run economic growth, even for countries with high levels of institutional development, of financial development, of trade openness, of macroeconomic stability and of exchange rate arrangement flexibility. These results question the rationale underlying the policy recommendations for the elimination of capital controls.

Keywords: Financial integration. Capital flows. Economic growth.

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Biografia do Autor

Aderbal Oliveira Damasceno, Instituto de Economia da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Possui graduação em Ciências Econômicas pela Universidade Federal da Bahia (2001), mestrado em Ciências Econômicas pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2004) e doutorado em Ciências Econômicas pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2008).

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Publicado

2015-12-14

Como Citar

DAMASCENO, A. O. Integração financeira e crescimento econômico: teoria, evidência e política. Economia e Sociedade, Campinas, SP, v. 21, n. 3, p. 521–558, 2015. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ecos/article/view/8642276. Acesso em: 28 nov. 2022.

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