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¿Debe el Estado financiar las artes y la cultura? Revisión de literatura
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Economía de la cultura. Política cultural. Enfermedad de los costes de Baumol. Derechos de autor

Como Citar

PALMA MARTOS, Luis Antonio; AGUADO QUINTERO, Luis Fernando. ¿Debe el Estado financiar las artes y la cultura? Revisión de literatura. Economia e Sociedade, Campinas, SP, v. 20, n. 1, p. 195–228, 2016. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ecos/article/view/8642366. Acesso em: 14 jun. 2024.

Resumo

En el artículo se revisa una amplia bibliografía acerca del conjunto de argumentos para justificar el apoyo con fondos públicos a las artes y la cultura. Desde la presencia de condiciones particulares en la oferta (“enfermedad de los costes”), o en la demanda (bienes públicos), la existencia de preferencias comunitarias (bien de mérito), hasta la aportación a la actividad económica y al empleo (Estudios de Impacto Económico de la Cultura). Se señalan las limitaciones que presenta cada argumento y aquellos que pueden resultar convincentes desde la teoría económica.

Abstract

This article will review an extensive bibliography concerning the complete set of arguments justifying the use of public funds to support Arts and Culture. Particular conditions regarding the supply (“the cost disease”) and the demand (public goods), the existence of community preferences (merit good), and the contribution to economic activity and employment (Studies of the Economic Impact of Culture) are all taken into consideration. The limitations of each argument are pointed out, as well as those that gain strength based on economic theory.

Keywords: Cultural economics. Cultural policy. Baumol’s cost-disease. Copyright

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Referências

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