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A concepção de Keynes do sistema econômico como um todo orgânico complexo
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Palavras-chave

Keynes. John Maynard. Complexidade. Auto-organização

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CARDOSO, Fernanda Graziela; LIMA, Gilberto Tadeu. A concepção de Keynes do sistema econômico como um todo orgânico complexo. Economia e Sociedade, Campinas, SP, v. 17, n. 3, p. 359–381, 2016. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ecos/article/view/8642783. Acesso em: 18 maio. 2024.

Resumo

O presente artigo argumenta que elementos da abordagem da complexidade, recentemente aplicada à economia, já estavam presentes na obra de Keynes e destaca a fecundidade de uma interação entre elas. A abordagem da complexidade tem como uma idéia central a de que as ações individuais promovem conseqüências não intencionais como resultado de um processo de auto-organização, permitindo o funcionamento do sistema. Keynes explorou tal idéia, por exemplo, na elaboração do paradoxo da poupança, na análise da formação das expectativas e na incorporação do efeito multiplicador. Destaca-se que a complexidade do sistema econômico, segundo a perspectiva de Keynes, começa com a complexidade do ser humano. Por fim, sustenta-se que a visão de Keynes do sistema econômico como um organismo complexo teve a influência do filósofo G. E. Moore.

Abstract

Keynes’ Keynes’view of the economic system as a complex organic w view of the economic system as a complex organic whole This paper claims that some elements of the complexity approach, which has been recently applied to economics, were already contained in Keynes’ economics, and argues for the fecundity of an interaction between them. One of the central ideas of the complexity approach is that individual actions have unintended overall consequences as a result of a self-organization process, which allows the functioning of the system. Keynes played around with the idea of unintended consequences of individual actions, for instance, in the formulation of the paradox of parsimony, in the analysis of the expectations formation, and in the inclusion of the multiplier effect. It is argued that the complexity of the economy, from Keynes’ perspective, is firstly related to the complexity of the human being. Also, it is suggested that Keynes’ view of the economy as a complex organism was influenced by the philosopher G. E. Moore.

Key words: Keynes, John Maynard. Complexity. Self-organization

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Referências

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