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Empresas multinacionais e desempenho comercial do Brasil: uma revisão da literatura
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Empresas multinacionais – Brasil. Vantagem comparativa (Comércio). Inovações tecnológicas

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CINQUETTI, Carlos A. Empresas multinacionais e desempenho comercial do Brasil: uma revisão da literatura. Economia e Sociedade, Campinas, SP, v. 17, n. 3, p. 525–537, 2016. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ecos/article/view/8642790. Acesso em: 18 maio. 2024.

Resumo

Fazemos uma releitura dos estudos empíricos sobre empresas multinacionais (EMNs) e comércio exterior no Brasil a partir dos modelos teóricos e empíricos de comércio internacional com firmas multinacionais. Percebe-se que aqueles estudos não examinam como características econômicas do país (Brasil) condicionaram a emergência e tipo das EMNs e, assim, seus respectivos impactos sobre comércio exterior. Conseguem isolar, nas análises de impacto comercial, evidências dos serviços tecnológicos das estrangeiras, relativamente às domésticas do mesmo setor, mas não examinam se essas firmas se concentraram ou não em atividades com vantagens comparativas no país, o que seria crucial para determinar seu impacto comercial comparativo.

Abstract

We revisit the empirical research about multinational firms (MNFs) and foreign trade in Brazil from the perspective of the theoretical models of international trade with MNFs, and their empirical tests. We observed that the cited studies did not examine how the economic characteristics of Brazil conditioned the emergence and types, as well as the corresponding impacts of the MNFs on foreign trade. The models analyzing trade impacts succeed to single out the MNF’s technology service, as compared to same-sector domestic firms, but do not examine whether or not these firms concentrated in activities with comparative advantages, crucial to determine the comparative trade contribution from these firms.

Key words: Multinational firms – Brazil. Comparative advantage. Technological innovation

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Referências

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