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Mudança estrutural e serviços intermediários
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Palavras-chave

Crescimento econômico, Serviços intermediários, Simbiose

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GIOVANINI, Adilson. Mudança estrutural e serviços intermediários: algumas evidências para o limiar do século XXI. Economia e Sociedade, Campinas, SP, v. 30, n. 1, p. 63–90, 2021. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ecos/article/view/8665608. Acesso em: 17 abr. 2024.

Resumo

Abordagens setoriais demonstram que as novas tecnologias de comunicação contribuem para a mudança no modo como as
firmas organizam os seus processos produtivos, favorecendo a terceirização e o crescimento na participação de atividades
de serviços intermediários. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar o fenômeno da mudança estrutural, mediante o emprego da
abordagem do subsistema (Momigliano; Siniscalco, 1982, 1986) para uma amostra composta por 43 países discriminada
para o período 2000-2014. Essa abordagem integra verticalmente as atividades intermediárias que compõem cada
subsistema, se mostra robusta à terceirização de atividades e possibilita a obtenção de indicadores de mudança estrutural
mais confiáveis do que a abordagem setorial. Os resultados encontrados demonstram a ocorrência de um processo de
reorganização produtivo caracterizado pela elevação na participação dos serviços intermediários. O estudo inova ao
evidenciar a existência de tendência consistente de retração na participação dos subsistemas industriais no total de horas
trabalhadas. Esse processo de desindustrialização não é explicado apenas pelo avanço do subsistema de serviços finais, mas
principalmente pela crescente integração vertical observada para o subsistema de serviços intermediários. Esse subsistema
registra retração na utilização de insumos oriundos dos subsistemas industriais, o que contraria alguns argumentos presentes
na literatura de serviços intermediários.

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