O Made in China 2025 em meio à hiperglobalização

upgrading, ativos intangíveis e estratégias de internacionalização

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Made in China 2025, Cadeias globais de valor, Indústria de TIC, Capacitações inovativas

Resumo

Este artigo investiga a recente política industrial chinesa, denominada Made in China 2025 (MIC2025), e como essa aborda alguns dos desafios da organização de redes de produção internacionais em meio à hiperglobalização. Primeiro, exploramos O contexto histórico do MIC2025, além de seus objetivos estratégicos e seus principais desafios, para então explorar algumas facetas de sua dimensão externa. Segundo, elaboramos uma análise descritiva baseada em indicadores de comércio em valor-adicionado para ilustrar alguns aspectos do padrão de especialização chinês, utilizando a indústria de TIC como estudo de caso para discutir a importância crescente dos ativos intangíveis e como as empresas chinesas aprimoram a capacitação inovativa a partir de estratégias de internacionalização. Ao cabo, o governo chinês buscou melhorar a habilidade das empresas chinesas de gerenciar as relações de poder na governança global da inovação por meio do desenvolvimento de capacitação inovativa e upgrade em setores-chave, como é o caso do setor de TIC. O MIC2025 reforça uma visão institucional que não se limita à participação nas redes de produção internacionais, mas visa especialmente a criação de capacitações dinâmicas. Nesse sentido, a construção de capacitações tecnológicas locais e o fortalecimento de etapas da cadeia de valor, bem como a internacionalização das empresas chinesas, são bases cruciais da recente trajetória de transformação estrutural chinesa.

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Biografia do Autor

Marilia Bassetti Marcato, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Professora do Instituto de Economia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

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2022-08-19

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MARCATO, M. B. . O Made in China 2025 em meio à hiperglobalização: upgrading, ativos intangíveis e estratégias de internacionalização. Economia e Sociedade, Campinas, SP, v. 31, n. 2, p. 355–384, 2022. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ecos/article/view/8670764. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2022.

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