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Impactos potenciais do acordo Mercosul-União Europeia
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Palavras-chave

Cadeia de valor automotiva
Acordo de livre comércio
União Europeia
Mercosul

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DULCICH, Federico. Impactos potenciais do acordo Mercosul-União Europeia. Economia e Sociedade, Campinas, SP, v. 32, n. 1, p. 135–162, 2023. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ecos/article/view/8673229. Acesso em: 22 jul. 2024.

Resumo

Este trabalho estuda os potenciais efeitos do acordo Mercosul-UE para a cadeia de valor automotiva na Argentina e no Brasil, identificando para onde se moverão as balanças comerciais de cada um dos produtos de cada um dos sócios. Os principais resultados indicam que a UE melhorará sua balança comercial na grande maioria dos produtos automotivos e de autopeças. Além das diferenças de competitividade internacional, outros fatores impulsionam esses resultados, como as diferenças de escala de produção entre os sócios, as maiores preferências tarifárias concedidas pelo Mercosul, o maior potencial de demanda por veículos na Argentina e no Brasil do que na UE, os mais altos requisitos do mercado da UE em termos de regulamentações sobre a qualidade de produtos e processos, entre outros.

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