A construção social da doença: insights-chave e implicações para políticas de saúde

  • Peter Conrad Universidade de Brandeis
  • Kristin Barker Universidade Estadual do Oregon
Palavras-chave: Construção social. Doença. Saber médico. Políticas de saúde.

Resumo

A construção social da doença é uma das principais perspectivas de pesquisa na sociologia da medicina. Este artigo traça as raízes dessa perspectiva e apresenta três descobertas construcionistas de vasta abrangência. A primeira, de que algumas doenças são particularmente permeadas por significados culturais que não derivam diretamente da natureza de uma condição de saúde, mas modelam as formas como a sociedade responde aos enfermos e influenciam a experiência dessas doenças. A segunda, de que todas as doenças são socialmente construídas no nível experiencial, com base no modo como os indivíduos passam a entendê-las e a conviver com elas. A terceira, de que o saber médico a respeito de doenças e enfermidades não é necessariamente dado por natureza, mas sim construído e desenvolvido por propostas reivindicativas e partes interessadas. Tocamos em implicações centrais para políticas de saúde a partir de cada uma dessas descobertas e discutimos diretrizes proveitosas para pesquisas relevantes a essas políticas, segundo uma tradição construcionista social. O construcionismo social fornece um importante contraponto às abordagens médicas, em grande parte deterministas, das doenças e enfermidades e pode nos ajudar a ampliar o alcance das deliberações e decisões tomadas em políticas de saúde.

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Biografia do Autor

Peter Conrad, Universidade de Brandeis
Professor da Universidade de Brandeis – EUA.
Kristin Barker, Universidade Estadual do Oregon
Professor da Universidade Estadual do Oregon – EUA.

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Publicado
2013-09-19
Como Citar
Conrad, P., & Barker, K. (2013). A construção social da doença: insights-chave e implicações para políticas de saúde. Idéias, 2(2), 183-219. Recuperado de https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/ideias/article/view/8649322