Banner Portal


Absolute subjectivity. Decoherence functional. History filter. Phenomenological perception. Temporal consciousness. von Neumann’s projection postulate

Como Citar

LIVADAS, S. THE TRANSCENDENCE OF TIME IN THE EPISTEMOLOGY OF OBSERVATION FROM A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STANDPOINT. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 34, n. 2, p. 435–469, 2015. Disponível em: Acesso em: 23 fev. 2024.


In this article I deal with time as a notion of epistemological content associated though with the notion of a subjective consciousness co-constitutive of physical reality. In this phenomenologically grounded approach I attempt to establish a ‘metaphysical’ aspect of time, within a strictly epistemological context, in the sense of an underlying absolute subjectivity which is non-objectifiable within objective temporality and thus non-susceptible of any ontological designation. My arguments stem, on the one hand, from a version of quantum-mechanical theory (History Projection Operator theory, HPO theory) in view of its formal treatment of two different aspects of time within a quantum context. The discrete, partial-ordering properties (the notions of before and after) and the dynamical-parameter properties reflected in the wave equations of motion. On the other hand, to strengthen my arguments for a transcendental factor of temporality, I attempt an interpretation of some relevant conclusions in the work of J. Eccles (1992) and of certain results of experimental research of S. Deahaene et al. (2005) and others.



ANASTOPOULOS, C. “Continuous-time histories: Observables, probabilities, phase space structure and the classical limit”. Jour. of Mathematical Physics, 42, 8, pp. 3225- 3259, 2001.

DEHAENE, S., SERGENT, C., & BAILLET, S. “Timing of the brain events underlying access to consciousness during the attentional blink”. Nature Neuroscience, 8, pp. 1391-1400, 2005.

DIRAC, P. The Principles of Quantum Mechanics. Oxford University Press, 1981.

di RUSSO, F., Mc DONALD, J., TEDER-SÄLERJÄRVI, W. , HILLYARD, S. “Neural basis of auditory-induced shifts in visual timeorder perception”. Nature Neuroscience, 8, pp. 1197-1202, 2005.

ECCLES, J. E´volution du cerveau et cre´ation de la conscience, transl. Jean-Mathieu Luccioni. Paris: A. Fayard, 1992.

ECCLES,. “The mind-brain problem revisited: the microsite hypothesis”. In: J.C. Eccles & O.D. Creutzfeldt (eds) (1989), p. 549.

ECCLES, J.; CREUTZFELDT, O.D. The Principles of Design and Operation of the Brain. Vatican City: Pontificiae Academiae Scientiarum Scripta Varia, 1989.

FARRUKH, O.M. “Application of nonstandard analysis to quantum mechanics”. Journal of Mathematical Physics, 16, 2, pp. 177- 200, 1975.

FRENCH, S. “Identity and Individuality in Classical and Quantum Physics”. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 67, 4, pp. 432- 446, 1989.

FRENCH, S. “A phenomenological solution to the measurement problem? Husserl and the foundations of quantum mechanics”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 33, pp. 467-491, 2002.

GELL-MANN, M. & HARTLE, J. “Alternative decohering histories in quantum mechanics”. In: K.K. Phua and Y. Yamaguchi (eds) (1990a).

GELL-MANN, M. & HARTLE, J. “Quantum mechanics in the light of quantum cosmology”. In: S. Kobayashi et al. (eds) (1990b), pp. 321-343.

HARTLE, J. “Spacetime quantum mechanics and the quantum mechanics of spacetime”. In: B. Julia, J. Zinn-Justin (eds) (1993), pp. 285-480.

HANDY, T., GRAFTON, S., SCHROFF, N., KETAY, S., GAZZANIGA, M. “Graspable objects grab attention when the potential for action is recognized”. Nature Neuroscience, 6, pp. 421-427, 2003.

HUSSERL, E. Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie. Erstes Buch, Husserliana, Band III/I, herausg. K. Schuhmann, Kluwer Acad. Pub., Dordrecht: The Netherlands, 1995.

HUSSERL, E. Zur Phänomenologie des Inneren Zeitbewusstseins, herausg. R Boehm, Husserliana Band X, M. Nijhoff, Haag: The Netherlands, 1966.

HUSSERL, E. Die Bernauer Manusckripte über das Zeitbewusstsein (1917/18), Husserliana Band XXXIII, herausg. R. Bernet & D. Lohmar, Kluwer Acad. Pub., Dordrecht: The Netherlands, 2001. HUSSERL, E. Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie. Drittes Buch, Husserliana Band V, herausg. M. Biemel, Kluwer Acad. Pub., Dordrecht: The Netherlands, 1997.

HUSSERL, E. Formale und Transzendentale Logik, Husserliana Band XVII, herausg. P. Janssen, M. Nijhoff, Den Haag: The Netherlands, 1974.

HUSSERL, E. Logische Untersuchungen, Ergänzungsband, Erster Teil, [Entwürfe zur Ummarbeitung der VI. Untersuchung and zur Vorrede für die Neuauflage der Logischen Untesuchungen (Sommer 1913)], Husserliana Band XX/I, herausg. Ul. Melle, Kluwer Acad. Pub., Dordrecht: The Netherlands, 2002.

HUSSERL, E. Logische Untersuchungen, (Erster Band: Prolegomena zur Reinen Logik), Husserliana Band XVIII, herausgb. E. Holenstein, M. Nijhoff, Den Haag: The Netherlands, 1975.

HUSSERL, E. Späte Texte uber Zeitkonstitution (1929-1934): die C-Manuskripte, Husserliana: Materialienband VIII, herausgb. D. Lohmar, Springer, Dordrecht: The Netherlands, 2006.

ISHAM, J.C. “Quantum Logic and the Histories Approach to Quantum Theory”. arXiv:gr-qc/9308006v1 9 Aug 1993, 1993.

ISHAM, J.C. & LINDEN, N. “Quantum Temporal Logic and Decoherence Funcionals in the Histories Approach to Generalized Quantum Theory”. arXiv:gr-qc/9405029v1 11 May 1994, 1994.

ISHAM, J.C. & SAVVIDOU, N.K. “Time and Modern Physics”. In K. Ridderbos (ed), Time, pp. 6-26. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

JULIA, B; ZINN-JUSTIN, J. (eds) Proceedings of the 1992 Les Houches School, Gravitation and Quantisation. Elsevier Science, 1995.

KOBAYASHI, S.; EZAWA, H.; MURAYAMA, Y.; NOMURA, S (eds). Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology. Physical Society of Japan, Tokio, 1990.

LIVADAS, S. “The Phenomenological Roots of Nonstandard Mathematics”. Romanian Jour. of Infor. Science and Technology, 8, 2, 115-136, 2005.

LORENZ, K. Behind the Mirror. London: Methuen, 1977.

PHUA, K.K.; YAMAGUCHI, Y. Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on High Energy physics, Singapore, August, 2-8, 1990. Singapore: World Scientific, 1990.

SAVVIDOU, N. “The action operator for continuous-time histories”. Jour. of Mathematical Physics, 42, 11, pp. 5657-5674, 1999.

SOKOLOWSKI, R. Husserlian Meditations. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1974.

UTTAL, W.R. The Psychobiology of Mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1978.


Não há dados estatísticos.