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A and B Theories of Closed Time


A and B theories of time. Time travel. Closed time. Special relativity.

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DOWE, Phill. A and B Theories of Closed Time. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 40, n. 1, p. 183–196, 2017. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16 jul. 2024.


Closed time is possible in several senses of ‘possible’. One might like to know, therefore, whether closed time is possible in the sense that it is compatible with standard metaphysical theories of time. In this paper I am concerned with whether closed time is compatible with A and/or B theories of time. A common enough view amongst philosophers is that B theories do but A theories do not allow closed time. However, I show that prima-facie neither approach allows closed time, but that with a little work standard versions of both approaches do. This shows that there’s no special problem with the notion of eternal return.


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