Leibniz on the existence of atoms

Autores

  • Ricardo Mena Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Palavras-chave:

Leibniz. History of philosophy. Metaphysics.

Resumo

In this paper I present and evaluate Leibniz’s two main arguments against the existence of atoms. In this context atoms are extended particles that are absolutely hard, homogeneous, indivisible, and indestructible by natural means. As we shall see, Leibniz’s arguments are flawed in a very instructive way. The first argument is in tension with the claim that God created the best possible world. The second argument overgeneralizes in an undesirable way. However, as I shall discuss in the last section of the paper, even if the arguments are somehow defective, at least the first one contributes valuable insights to contemporary metaphysics.

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Biografia do Autor

Ricardo Mena, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

UNAM - Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas  Circuito Maestro Mario de la Cueva s/n Mexico City 04100 Mexico .

Referências

COVER, J.A. & HAWTHORNE J. Substance and Individuation in Leibniz, Cambridge, 1999.

GARBER, D. “Leibniz: physics and philosophy”, in The Cambridge Companion to Leibiniz, Cambrige, 1995.

LEIBNIZ, G. W. “Primary Truths”, in Philosophical Papers, (trans. R. Ariew and D. Garber), Hackett, 1989.

LEIBNIZ, G. W. “Discourse on Metaphysicas” , in Philosophical Papers, (trans. R. Ariew and D. Garber), Hackett, 1989.

LEIBNIZ, G. W. “The Principles of Philosophy, or, the Mondology”, in Philosophical Papers, (trans. R. Ariew and D. Garber), Hackett, 1989.

LEIBNIZ, G. W. “Leibniz’s Fifth Paper”, in Philosophical Papers, (trans. R. Ariew and D. Garber), Hackett, 1989.

LEIBNIZ, G. W. “Leibniz to Volder 20 June 1703”, in Philosophical Papers, (trans. R. Ariew and D. Garber), Hackett, 1989.

LEIBNIZ, G. W. “Leibniz Fourth Letter to Clarke”, in Philosophical Papers, (trans. R. Ariew and D. Garber), Hackett, 1989.

LEIBNIZ, G. W. “Leibniz Third Paper to Clarke”, in Philosophical Papers, (trans. R. Ariew and D. Garber), Hackett, 1989.

LEIBNIZ, G. W. New Essays on Human Understanding, Cambridge, 2003.

MCDANIEL, K. “Extended simples.” Philosophical Studies, 133(1), 131-141, 2007.

SCHAFFER, J. “Is there a Fundamental Level?”, Nous 37:3 498-517, 2003.

SCHAFFER, J. “Monism: the priority of the whole”. Philosophical Review, 119(1), 31-76, 2010.

RUSSELL, B. Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz, John Dickens & Northampton, 1971

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Publicado

2017-07-11

Como Citar

MENA, R. Leibniz on the existence of atoms. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 40, n. 2, p. 19–38, 2017. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/manuscrito/article/view/8649851. Acesso em: 4 out. 2022.

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