Frege’s Puzzle on the Santa Monica Beach De Jure Co-reference and the Logical Appraisal of Rational Agents


  • Emiliano Boccardi University of Campinas


Referentialism. De jure co-reference. Frege’s puzzle. Logical validity. Reasoning.


In this paper, I argue that a number of influential Millian responses to Frege’s puzzle, which consist in denying that Frege’s data apply to natural languages (and thinking), are not viable if logic is to play its role in legitimizing the logical appraisal of rational subjects. A notion of validity which does justice to the normativity of logic must make room for a distinction between valid inferences and enthymemes. I discuss the prospects of formal, relevant and manifest validity as candidates for a notion which complies with this desideratum. Their success, or failure is argued to hang on the viability of a semantical account of de jure co-reference, which is in tension with standard Millian tenets. I conclude that these Millian theories face the following dilemma: either accept that there is no notion of logical validity which makes logic normative for reasoning, thus jeopardizing our well entrenched practices of rational appraisal; or accept that de jure co-reference is a real semantical relation.


Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Emiliano Boccardi, University of Campinas

University of Campinas. Department of Philosophy. Campinas, SP. Brazil


ALMOG, J. “Frege’s Puzzles?” Journal of Philosophical Logic, 37 (6), 549–574, 2008.

____________, NICHOLS, P. & PEPP, J. “A Unified Treatment of (Pro)Nominals in Ordinary English”. In Bianchi, A. (ed.). On Reference. Oxford University Press, 2015.

ANDERSON, R. & BELNAP, N. “Enthymemes”. Journal of Philosophy, 58 (23), 713– 723, 1961.

____________ & ____________ “The Pure Calculus of Entailment”. Journal of Symbolic Logic, 27(1), 19-52, 1962.

BOGHOSSIAN, P. “The Transparency of Mental Content”. Philosophical Perspectives, 8, 33–50, 1994.

CAMPBELL, J. “Is Sense Transparent?” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 88, 273–292, 1987.

DICKIE, I. & RATTAN, G. “Sense, Communication, and Rational Engagement”. Dialectica, 64, 131–51, 2010.

FARIA, P. Unsafe reasoning: a survey. Doispontos. 6 (2), 185-20, 2009.

FAUCONNIER, G. La coréference: Syntaxe ou sémantique? Paris: Seuil, 1974.

FIENGO, R., & MAY, R. “De Lingua Belief”. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Bradford, 2006.

FINE, K. Semantic Relationism. (SR) Oxford: Blackwell, 2007.

FINE, K. “Recurrence: A rejoinder”. Philosophical Studies, 169(3), 425-428, 2014.

FREGE, G. “Über Funktion und Begriff”. Translated and reprinted in Beaney, M. (Ed.) (1997), The Frege Reader. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1891.

FREGE, G. “Über Sinn und Bedeutung (SuB)”. Translated and reprinted in Beaney, M. (Ed.) (1997), The Frege Reader. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1892.

GERKEN, M. “Univocal Reasoning and Inferential Presuppositions”. Mikkel Gerken, Erkenn, 76, 373–394, 2012.

GIBBARD, A. Meaning and Normativity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

GOODSELL, T. “Is De Jure Coreference Non-Transitive?” Philosophical Studies, 167, 291–312, 2014.

GLEZAKOS, S. “Can Frege pose Frege’s Puzzle?” In Joseph Almog & Paolo Leonardi (Eds.), The Philosophy of David Kaplan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

KAPLAN, D. “Afterthoughts”. In J. Almog, H. Wettstein and J. Perry (eds.), Themes from Kaplan, pp. 565-614. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

KRIPKE, S. “A Puzzle About Belief”. In Nathan Salmon and Scott Soames (eds.) 1988: Propositions and Attitudes, pp. 102-148. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

LAWLOR, K. “Varieties of Co-reference”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 81(2), pp. 485-495, 2010.

LEWIS, C. I. “Implication and the Algebra of Logic”. Mind, 21, pp. 522-531, 1912.

MACFARLANE, J. “In What Sense (if any) is Logic Normative for Thought?” Unpublished manuscript, 2004.

NEALE, S. “Pragmatism and Binding”. In Z. Szabo (ed.) Semantics versus Frege’s Puzzle on Santa Monica Beach Pragmatics, pp. 165-285. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005.

PERRY, J. Reference and Reflexivity, 2nd Edition. Stanford: CSLI, 2012.

PINILLOS, A. “Coreference and meaning”. Philosophical Studies, 154 (2), pp. 301–324, 2011.

QUINE, W. “From a Logical Point of View”. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; revised edition, 1980. 1953.

QUINE, W. “Methods of Logic”. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; revised edition, 1980. 1950.

RECANATI, F. Mental Files. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2012.

SALMON, N. “Frege's Puzzle”. Ridgeview, 1986.

SALMON, N. “Recurrence”. Philosophical Studies, 159, pp. 407–441, 2012.

SHAPIRO, S. “Logical Consequence, Proof Theory, and Model Theory”. In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. Oxford University Press, pp. 651– 670, 2005.

SORENSEN, A. “Logical Luck”. Philosophical Quarterly, 48 (192), pp. 319-334, 1998.

STRAWSON, P. “Propositions, Concepts and Logical Truths”. The Philosophical Quarterly, 7(26), pp. 15–25, 1957.

TASCHEK, W. “Frege's Puzzle, Sense, and Information Content”. Mind, New Series, 101(404), pp.767-791, 1992.

TAYLOR, K. Reference and the Rational Mind. Stanford, Calif.: CSLI, 2003.

WEISS, M. “A Closer Look at Manifest Consequence”. Journal of Philosophical Logic, 43(2-3), pp. 471-498, 2014.

WETTSTEIN, H. “Has Semantics Rested on a Mistake?” The Journal of Philosophy, 83(4), 185-209, 1986.




Como Citar

BOCCARDI, E. Frege’s Puzzle on the Santa Monica Beach De Jure Co-reference and the Logical Appraisal of Rational Agents. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 41, n. 1, p. 1–31, 2018. Disponível em: Acesso em: 6 out. 2022.