Eleonora Orlando argues that one must understand some descriptivist theories of names that I criticize in my book Roads to Reference as ceteris paribus generalizations, and that on this understanding they survive my criticisms; she also introduces some doubts about my views on the knowledge speakers have of the reference-fixing conventions I postulate for proper names. In this note I argue against Orlando’s suggestion about ceteris paribus provisos and explain my view of the epistemology of reference-fixing conventions.
Devitt, M. (2015), “Should Proper Names Still Seem So Problematic?”, in A. Bianchi (ed.), On Reference, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 109–43.
Dickie, I. (2011),“How Proper Names Refer”, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111, 43–78.
Gómez-Torrente, M. (2019), Roads to Reference. An Essay on Reference Fixing in Natural Language, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Orlando, E. (2020), “Walking the Roads to Reference. Some Comments on Mario Gómez-Torrente”, Manuscrito, this issue.
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