My proposed mechanism of reference fixing for ordinary natural kind terms in the book Roads to Reference appeals to the ordinary notion of substance. In this note I reply to an objection by Martín Abreu Zavaleta that that notion is too vague to allow for a sufficiently constrained property to become the referent of a given ordinary substance term. I argue that the notion of substance is far less vague than Abreu Zavaleta claims.
Abreu Zavaleta, M. (2020), “Gómez-Torrente on Reference to Ordinary Substances”, Manuscrito, this issue.
Fine, K. (1975), “Vagueness, Truth and Logic”, Synthèse 30, 265–300.
Gómez-Torrente, M. (2019), Roads to Reference. An Essay on Reference Fixing in Natural Language, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
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