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El problema heuristico en la epistemologia evolucionista



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CASSINI, Alejandro. El problema heuristico en la epistemologia evolucionista. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 21, n. 2, p. 15–43, 1998. Disponível em: Acesso em: 20 abr. 2024.


This paper assesses the research program of evolutionary epistemology for the contexto of discovery of scientific theories. It begins by stating the basic premises of this program, and it points out its Darwinist commitments. Then, it argues that a process of blind variation and selective retention is unable to account for scientific discovery. Epistemic variation is always directed to solve a well-defined problem, and this fact has no anologues in organic variation. The conception of heuristic rules as a sort of biological preadaplation is not suficiente to guarantee that discovery is not a random achievement. In fact, evolutionary epistemology rules out all heuristics that make use of trial and error stategies.



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