A defence of skeptical theism

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Problem of evil, Skeptical theism

Resumo

According to The Evidentialist problem of Evil, the existence of disproportionate, prima facie gratuitous evil and suffering in the world is enough evidence against the existence of the Omnipotent, Perfectly Loving, Omniscient God of Classical Theism. A contemporary way of dealing with this argument is Skeptical Theism , for which the very fact that there is an huge amount of evil that looks gratuitous to us does not mean that we can reasonably believe whether this evil is indeed gratuitous or not . In this paper, I present and discuss a number of influential criticisms against this view according to which a proponent of Skeptical Theism will be forced to accept a number of unpalatable skeptical conclusions. I argue that this is not the case.

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Biografia do Autor

Nicola Claudio Salvatore, University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos

PhD Philosophy from the University of Edinburgh. Assistant Professor at the University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos, São Leopoldo (RS).

Referências

AQUINAS, T, (1265-1274), Summa Theologiae, in Summa Theologiae: Questions on God, B. Davies and B. Leftow (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

BEEBE, J.R., “The Logical Problem of Evil”, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, access date 16-10-2019

BERGMANN, M. (2001) “Skeptical Theism and Rowe’s New Evidential Argument from Evil,” Nous 35, pp. 278-296

DOUGHERTY, T. (2014) Skeptical Theism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2016 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/skeptical-theism/.

DOUGHERTY, T and MCBRAYER, J. (eds), (2014), Skeptical Theism: New Essays, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

DURSTON, K. (2000) “The consequential complexity of history and gratuitous evil,” Religious Studies 36, pp. 65-80.

JORDAN, J. (2006) “Does Skeptical Theism Lead to Moral Skepticism?” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72, pp. 403-416

LAW, S. (2017), “Skeptical theism and Skepticism About the External World and Past”, Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 81 55-70.

JORDAN, J. (2015), “The Pandora’s box objection to skeptical theism, International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (3): 285-299.

MACKIE, J. L. (1955). "Evil and Omnipotence." Mind 64: 200-212.

PLANTINGA, A. (1974). God, Freedom, and Evil. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

ROWE, W. (1979) “The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism,” American Philosophical Quarterly 16, pp. 335-41

WIELEMBERG, E. (2010), Sceptical theism and divine lies. Religious Studies , 46, pp 509-523, doi:10.1017/S0034412510000247

WILKS, I. (2009) “Skeptical Theism and Empirical Unfalsifiability,” Faith & Philosophy 26:1, pp. 64-76.

WYSKRA, S. (1984) “The Humean Obstacle to Evidential Arguments from Suffering: On Avoiding the Evils of ‘Appearance’,” International Journal of Philosophy of Religion 16, pp. 73-93.

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Publicado

2022-04-05

Como Citar

SALVATORE, N. C. A defence of skeptical theism. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 44, n. 4, p. 293–312, 2022. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/manuscrito/article/view/8668917. Acesso em: 6 out. 2022.

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