A modal-causal argument for a concrete necessary object



Cosmological argument, Ontological argument, Causation, Modality


Suppose that it is metaphysically possible that the mereological fusion of all contingent states of affairs has a cause. Whatever the nature of the state of affairs that causes such mereological fusion, it should be metaphysically necessary because, otherwise, it could be part of the mereological fusion it causes. It is possible, then, that there is at least one necessary state of affairs. This state of affairs is a causal relatum, so it must include at least one concrete necessary object. But if something is possibly necessary, then it is necessary because it is not metaphysically contingent whether something is necessary or doesn't. Then, it results that it is metaphysically necessary that there is, at least, a concrete necessary object. This work presents and discusses this argument.


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Biografia do Autor

José Tomás Alvarado, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

PhD in Philosophy from the University of Navarra. Associate Professor at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Santiago, Chile).


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Como Citar

ALVARADO, J. T. . A modal-causal argument for a concrete necessary object. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 44, n. 4, p. 374–417, 2022. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/manuscrito/article/view/8668929. Acesso em: 6 out. 2022.