Two arguments for the incoherence of non-teleological deism

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Moderate non-teleological deism, Essential divine attributes, Moral responsibility, Physical evil

Resumo

I argue that one form of deism, what I shall call ‘moderate non-teleological deism’, seems prima facie incoherent (at least on the assumption of the intuitive Anselmian conception of God). I offer two arguments in support of the prima facie incoherence view: the moral irresponsibility argument and the practical irrationality argument. On the one hand, the moral responsibility argument suggests that three of the essential attributes of such a deistic God are inconsistent: omniscience, omnipotence and moral perfection. This is, of course, a variation of the well-known argument from evil. On the other hand, the practical rationality argument suggests that were such a deistic God to create the universe but have no further interest, plan or goal for the universe, the very act would have committed a deistic God to practical irrationality. I argue that this result follows from a widely accepted understanding of the nature of practical rationality and agency. I briefly examine some objections to the two arguments and conclude that moderate non-teleological deism seems prima facie incoherent.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Christos Kyriacou, University of Cyprus

Teacher by University of Cyprus, Department of Classics and Philosophy, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Referências

Anscombe G.E.M. (1957). Intention. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press.

Aristotle. Metaphysics. Books I-IX. LOEB Classical Library. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press . Translated by H. Tredenick.

Aristotle. Metaphysics Books X-XIV. LOEB Classical Library. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press. Translated by H.Tredenick.

Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. LOEB Classical Library. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press. Translated by H.Rackham.

Bering Jesse. (1991). The God Instinct. London, Nicholas Brealey.

Bowker John. (2014). God: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Bratman Michael. (1987). Intention, Plans and Practical Reason. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press .

Bristow William. (2010). ‘Enlightenment’. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. E. Zalta. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/enlightenment/

Davidson Donald. (19631980). ‘Actions, Reasons and Causes’ in Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford, Oxford University Press .

Davis S.T. (1983). Logic and the Nature of God. Palgrave Macmillan.

Dawkins Richard. (2006). The God Delusion. London, Bantam Press.

Dougherty Trent. (2014). ‘Skeptical Theism’. In ed. E. Zalta, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Available at: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/skeptical-theism/

Foley Richard. (1987). The Theory of Epistemic Rationality. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press .

Frankfurt Harry. (19691998). ‘Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility’ in The Importance of What We Care About. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. pp. 1-10.

Frankfurt Harry. (1998). ‘Identification and Wholeheartedness’ in The Importance of What We Care About. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. pp. 159-176.

Griffiths Paul. (2005). ‘Nontheistic Conceptions of the Divine’ in The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Religion, ed. W. Wainwright. Oxford, Oxford University Press . pp. 59-79.

Haidt Jonathan. (2012). The Righteous Mind. London, Penguin.

Hoffman Joshua and Rosenkrantz Gary. (2002). The Divine Attributes. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.

Hughes Gerard. (1995). The Nature of God. London, Routledge.

Hume David. (1777). Enquiries. Oxford, Clarendon Press. Edited by L.A. Selby-Bigge.

Hume David. (17791990). Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. London, Penguin. Edited by Martin Bell.

Korsgaard Christine. (1986). ‘Skepticism about Practical Reason’. Journal of Philosophy 83(1):5-25.

Korsgaard Christine. (1996). The Sources of Normativity. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Korsgaard Christine. (1997). ‘The Normativity of Instrumental Reason’ in Ethics and Practical Reason, eds. G.Cullity and B.Gaut. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Kvanvig Jonathan and Vander Laan David. (2014). ‘Creation and Conservation’ in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. E. Zalta. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/creation-conservation/

Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm. (1985). Theodicy. Chicago, Open Court. Translated by E.M. Huggard.

Mackie John. (1955). ‘Evil and Omnipotence’. Mind 64(254):200-212.

Mackie John. (1982). The Miracle of Theism. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

MacCann Hugh. (2012). ‘Providence’ inThe Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy , ed. E. Zalta. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/providence-divine/

Mavrodes George. (2005) ‘Miracles’ in The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Religion, ed. W. Wainwright. Oxford, Oxford University Press . pp. 304-322.

McDowell John. (1998.) ‘Virtue and Reason’ inMind, Value and Reality. Oxford, Oxford University Press . pp. 50-76.

McGrew Timothy. (2014). ‘Miracles’ inThe Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy , ed. E. Zalta. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/miracles/

Moore G.E. (19032000). Principia Ethica. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press . With an introduction by Thomas Baldwin.

Perkins Franklin. (2007). Leibniz: A Guide for the Perplexed. London, Continuum.

Pink Thomas. (2004). Free Will: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, Oxford University Press .

Plantinga Alvin. (1974). God, Freedom and Evil. Harper and Row.

Plato. Timaeus. LOEB Classical Library. Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press . Translated by R.G. Bury.

Rowe William. (2005). ‘Divine Power, Goodness and Knowledge’ inThe Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Religion , ed. W. Wainwright. Oxford, Oxford University Press . pp. 15-34.

Smith Michael. (1994). The Moral Problem. Oxford, Oxford University Problem.

Swinburne Richard. (1994). The Coherence of Theism. Oxford, Oxford University Press .

Tooley Michael. (2015). ‘The Problem of Evil’. In ed. E. Zalta, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy . Available at: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/evil/

Van Inwagen Peter. (1983). An Essay on Free Will. Oxford, Oxford University Press .

Zagzebski Linda. (2007). Philosophy of Religion: A Historical Introduction. Oxford, Balckwell Publishing.

Wierenga Edward. (1989). The Nature of God: An Inquiry into Divine Attributes. Ithaca NY, Cornell University Press.

Williams Bernard. (1979). ‘Internal and External Reasons’ in Rational Action, ed. R. Harrison. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press . pp.101-113.

Worsnip Alex. (2018). ‘What is (In)Coherence?’. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 13.

Downloads

Publicado

2022-07-20

Como Citar

KYRIACOU, C. Two arguments for the incoherence of non-teleological deism. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofia, Campinas, SP, v. 45, n. 2, p. 82–117, 2022. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/manuscrito/article/view/8670444. Acesso em: 4 out. 2022.

Edição

Seção

Artigos