Banner Portal
En maringá el césped del vecino es más verde: floras de patios urbanos de distintas clases sociales
PDF

Palavras-chave

Ecología urbana. Patios. Urbanización. Biodiversidad

Como Citar

ANGEOLETTO, Fabio; SANTOS, Jeater W. M. C.; ESSY, Camila. En maringá el césped del vecino es más verde: floras de patios urbanos de distintas clases sociales. RUA, Campinas, SP, v. 22, n. 1, p. 177–200, 2016. DOI: 10.20396/rua.v22i1.8646075. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/rua/article/view/8646075. Acesso em: 17 jun. 2024.

Resumo

Patios tienen un potencial considerable para la conservación de la biodiversidad. Sin embargo, estos espacios no son planificados, y existe poca información sobre la diversidad de la flora presente en los patios de las diferentes clases sociales. Hemos cuantificado y comparado la diversidad vegetal de los patios de dos barrios de la región metropolitana de Maringá – RMM (Paraná, Brasil), a saber, Jardim Bom Pastor y Zona 02, mediante la identificación de las especies y a través del cálculo de índices de diversidad y de correlaciones bivariadas. Los estándares de diversidad son muy distintos, cuando comparados los barrios, y por ello hemos trazado directrices de planificación, con el objetivo de aumentar la presencia de la vegetación en la RMM, y contribuir a la conservación de la biodiversidad.

 

https://doi.org/10.20396/rua.v22i1.8646075
PDF

Referências

ABDOELLAH, Osmund. S. 2006. Commercialization of Home garden in a Indonesian Village: Vegetation Composition and Functional Changes. Agroforestry Systems 68: 1-13.

AMES, Richard. G. 1980. The Sociology of Urban Tree Planting. Journal of Arboriculture 6(5):120-123.

ANGEOLETTO, Fabio. Planeta Ciudad: Ecología Urbana y Planificación de Ciudades Medias de Brasil. Tesis doctoral. Doctorado en Ecología y Medio Ambiente de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Madrid, 2012.

ANGEOLETTO, Fabio; SANTOS, Jeater. 2015. Los biólogos brasileños no habitan en el planeta ciudad: por qué es urgente formar ecólogos urbanos. Revista Espaço Acadêmico, 14(165): 74-82.

ANGEOLETTO, Fabio; SANZ, Juan Pedro Ruiz. 2015. Gestión Ambiental de Ciudades Medias de Brasil: Ni Siquiera Uma Sostenibilidad Blanda. Caminhos de Geografia, 16(56): 48-66.

ARGAN, Giulio Carlo. 1993. História da Arte Como História da Cidade. Editora. Martins Fontes. São Paulo, Brasil.

BERNHOLT, Heinrich; KEHLENBECK, Karen.; GEBAUER, Jacob. 2009. Plant species richness and diversity in urban and peri-urban gardens of Niamey, Niger. Agroforestry Systems, v. 77, n. 3, p. 159-179. 2009.

BEUMER, Carijn.; MARTENS, Paul. 2014. Biodiversity in my (back)yard: towards a framework for citizen engagement in exploring biodiversity and ecosystem services in residential gardens. Sustainability Science, v.9 n. 4, p. 70-83. 2014.

BOEIRA, José Jair. 2003. Espaço urbano de uma metrópole regional de porte médio: Maringá. Dissertação (Mestrado). Departamento de Geografia, Universidade Estadual de Maringá.

CARVALHO, Edemir. 2003. Exclusão social e crescimento das cidades médias brasileiras. Scripta Nova – Revista Electrônica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales, v. 6, n. 146.

CHAPIN III, Francis S.; CARPENTER, Stephen R., KOFINAS, Gerard P. 2009. Ecosystem stewardship: sustainability strategies for a rapdly changing planet. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, v. 25, n. 4, p. 241-249. 2009.

CIELO FILHO, Roque; SANTIN, Dionete A. 2002 Estudo florístico e fitossociológico de um fragmento florestal urbano - Bosque dos Alemães, Campinas, SP. Revista Brasileira de Botânica, v. 25, n. 3, p. 291-301.

DANIELS Gideon D..; KIRKPATRICK, John B. 2006. Comparing the characteristics of front and back domestic gardens in Hobart, Tasmania, Austrália. Landscape and Urban Planning, n. 78, p. 344–352.

DAVIES, Zoe G.; FULLER, Richard A.; LORAM, Alison. 2009. A national scale inventory of resource provision for biodiversity within domestic gardens. Biological Conservation 142: 7 6 1 –7 7 1.

DÍAZ, Sandra; QUÉTIER, Fabien.; CÁCERES, Daniel M.; (et al). 2011. Linking Functional Diversity and Social Strategies in a Framework for Interdisciplinary Analysis of Nature´s Benefits to Society. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(3) 895-902.

DOW, Kirsten. 2000. Social dimensions of gradients in urban ecosystems. Urban Ecosystems 4: 255–275.

EICHEMBERG, Mayra; AMOROZO, Maria Christina; MOURA, Leila Cunha. 2009. Species composition and plant use in old urban homegardens in Rio Claro, Southeast of Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica, 23(4): 1057-1075.

FLORENTINO, Alissandra T.N.; ARAÚJO, Elcida L.; ALBUQUERQUE, Ulisses P.2007. Contribuição de patios agroflorestais na conservação de plantas da caatinga, município de Caruaru, PE, Brasil. Acta Botanica Brasilica 21(1): 37-47.

GALLUZZI, Gea.; EYZAGUIRRE, Pedro.; NEGRI, Valeria. 2010. Home gardens: neglected hotspots of agro-biodiversity and cultural diversity. Biodiversity & Conservation 19(13): 3635-3654.

GASTON, Kevin J.; WARREN, Philip .H.; THOMPSON, Ken (et al,). 2005. Urban domestic gardens (IV): the extent of the resource and its associated features. Biodiversity and Conservation 14:3327–3349.

GBEDOMON, Rodrigue Castro; FANDOHAN, Adandé; SALAKO, Valère 2015. Factors affecting home gardens ownership, diversity and structure: a case study from Benin. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 11(1): 37-48.

GODDARD, Mark A.; DOUGILL, Andrew J.; BENTON, Tim G. 2010. Scaling up from gardens: biodiversity conservation in urban environments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25: 90-98.

GONZÁLEZ-GARCÍA, Alberto.; GÓMEZ-SAL, Antonio. 2008. Private Urban Greenspaces or “Patios” as a Key Element in the Urban Ecology of Tropical Central America. Human Ecology 36:291–300.

GRIMM, N.B.; GROVE, J.M.; PICKETT S.T.A.; (et al.,) 2000. Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. BioScience 50: 571-584.

GRIMM, Nancy B.; FAETH, Steve H.; GOLUBIEWSKI, Norton E. (et al). 2008. Global change and the ecology of cities. Science 319(5864): 756-760.

GROVE, Jeremiah M.; TROY, Arlington R.; O’NEIL-DUNNE, John P.M.; (et al,.). 2006. Characterization of households and its implications for the vegetation of urban ecosystems. Ecosystems 9: 578–597.

HOPE, Diane; GRIES, Corinna; ZHU, Weixing. (et al). 2003. Socioeconomics drive urban plant diversity. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 100(15): 8788-3792.

IPEA. 2011. Comunicados do IPEA, nº 68 – Análise Preliminar dos dados do Censo 2010. Brasília, Brasil.

KENDAL, Dave; WILLIAMS, Nicholas; WIILIAMS, Kathryn. 2010. Harnessing diversity in gardens through individual decision makers. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25(4): 201-202.

KEILMAN, Nico. 2003. The threat of small households. Nature 421: 489-490.

KUMA, Bahatma M.; GEORGE, Steven; CHINNAMANI, Satchmo. 1994. Diversity, structure and standing stock of wood in tge homegardens of Kerala in Peninsular India. Agroforestry Systems 25: 243–262.

LAMBIN, Eric F.; MEYFROIDT, Patrick. 2011. Global land use change, economic globalization, and the looming land scarcity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(9): 3465-3472.

LIU, Jianguo.; DAYLI, Gretchen C.; EHRLICH, Paul R. (et al). 2003. Effects of household dynamics on resource consumption and biodiversity. Nature 421: 530-533.

LORAM, Alison.; TRATALOS, John; WARREN, Philip H.; (et al,). 2007. Urban domestic gardens (X): the extent & structure of the resource in five major cities. Landscape Ecology 22:601–615.

LORAM, Alison; WARREN, Philip H.; GASTON, Kevin J. 2008. Urban Domestic Gardens (XIV): The Characteristics of Gardens in Five Cities. Environmental Management 42:361–376.

LUBBE, Charles S.; SIEBERT, Stefan J.; CILLIERS, Stewart S. 2010. Political legacy of South Africa affects the plant diversity patterns of urban domestic gardens along a socio-economic gradient. Scientific Research and Essays 5(19): 2900-2910.

MARCO Audrey, DUTOIT, Thierry; DESCHAMPS-COTIM, Magali; (et al,). 2008. Gardens in urbanizing rural areas reveal an unexpected floral diversity related to housing density. Comptes Rendus Biologies 331(6): 452–465.

MCDONNELL; Mark .J., HAHS, Amy K. 2008. The use of gradient analysis studies in advancing our understanding of the ecology of urbanized landscapes: current status and future directions. Landscape Ecology 23: 1143-1155.

MITCHELL, Robert; HANSTAD, Tim. 2004. Small Homegardens Plots and Sustainable Livelihoods for the Poor. FAO LSP WP 11, Acess to Natural Resources Sub-Programme.

NEULINGER, Korinna; VOGL, Christian R.; ALAYÓN-GAMBOA, José A. 2013. Plant species and their uses in homegardens of migrant Maya and Mestizo smallholder farmers in Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico. Journal of Ethnobiology, 33(1): 105-124.

ODUM, Eugene.P. Ecologia. Editora Guanabara Koogan. Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. 19998

PAMUNGKAS, Ratih; INDRIYANI, Serafinah; HAKIM, Luchman. 2013. The ethnobotany of homegardens along rural corridors as a basis for ecotourism planning: a case study of Rajegwesi village, Banyuwangi, Indonesia. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 3(9): 60-69.

PEYRE Antony.; GUIDAL, Andrew.; WIERSUM Kiefer F.; (et al). 2006. Dynamics of homegarden structure and function in Kerala, India. Agroforestry Systems 66: 101–115.

ROBBINS, Paul; POLDERMAN, Annemarie; BIRKENHOLTZ, Trevor. 2001. Lawns and Toxins: An Ecology of the City. Cities 18(6): 369–380.

RUDD, Hillary; VALA, Jamie; SCHAEFER, Valentim. 2002. Importance of backyard habitat in a comprehensive biodiversity conservation strategy: a connectivity analysis of urban green spaces. Restoration Ecology 10: 368-375.

SANDSTRÖM, Ugo G.; ANGELSTAM PAULO; KHAKEE, ANTON. 2006. Urban comprehensive planning – identifying barriers for the maintenance of functional habitat networks. Landscape and Urban Planning 75: 43–57.

SANTOS, Carla. 2007. Estatística Descritiva - Manual de Auto-aprendizagem. Edições Sílabo. Lisboa, Portugal.

SANTOS, Milton. 1999. A natureza do espaço: técnica e tempo, razão e emoção. São Paulo: Hucitec.

SIVIERO, Amauri; DELUNARDO, Thiago A.; HAVERROTH, Moacir. (et al,). 2011. Cultivo de espécies alimentares de Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil. Acta Botanica Brasilica 25(3): 549-556.

SMITH, Richard M.; WARREN, Philip H.; THOMPSON, Ken; (et al,). 2006a. Urban domestic gardens (VI): environmental correlates of invertebrate species richness. Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 2415–2438.

SMITH, Richard M.; THOMPSON, Ken; HODGSON, James G.; (et al,). 2006b. Urban domestic gardens (IX): Composition and richness of the vascular plant flora, and implications for native biodiversity. Biological Conservation 129: 321-329.

TAKANO, Timonara.; NAKAMURA, Ken.; WATANABE, Motobo. 2002. Urban residential environments and senior citizens’ longevity in mega-city areas: the importance of walkable green space. Jounal of Epidemiology &. Community Health 56(12): 913–916.

THE ANGIOSPERM PHYLOGENY GROUP. 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of lowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 105-121.

THOMPSON, Ken; HODGSON, James G.; SMITH, Richard M.; (et al,). 2004. Urban domestic gardens (III): Composition and diversity of lawn floras. Journal of Vegetation Science 15: 373-378.

THOMPSON, Ken; COLSELL, Stephen; CARPENTER, Jennifer; (et al,). 2005. Urban domestic gardens (VII): a preliminary survey of soil seed banks. Seed Science Research 15: 133–141.

TURNER, Kate; LEFLER, Leah; FREEDMAN, Bill. 2005. Plant communities of selected urbanized areas of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Landscape and Urban Planning 71: 191–206.

TZOULAS, Konstantinos; KORPELA, Kalevi; VENN, Stephen (et al,). 2007. Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using Green Infrastructure: A literature review. Landscape and Urban Planning 81: 167–178.

TZOULAS, Konstantinos; JAMES, Peter. 2010. Making biodiversity measures accessible to non-specialists: an innovative method for rapid assessment of urban biodiversity. Urban Ecosystems 13: 113-127.

UNFPA. Estado de la Población Mundial 2007. United Nations Population Fund. New York, USA.

UNITED NATIONS. 2008. (Department of Economic and Social Affairs/Population Division) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision. New York, USA. 2008.

VITOUSEK, Peter M. 1994. Beyond global warming: ecology and global change. Ecology 75: 1861–1876.

VLKOVA, Martina; POLESNY, Zybnek; VERNER, Vladimir. et al 2011. Ethnobotanical knowledge and agrobiodiversity in subsistence farming: case study of home gardens in Phong My commune, central Vietnam. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 58(5): 629-644.

VOGL-LUKASSER, Brigitte; VOGL, Christian. 2004. Ethnobotanical research in homegardens of small farmers in the alpine region of Osttirol (Austria): an example for bridges built and building bridges. Ethnobotany Research & Applications, 2: 111-137.

YANG, Lixin; AHMED, Selena; STEPP, John R. et al 2014. Comparative homegarden medical ethnobotany of Naxi healers and farmers in Northwestern Yunnan, China. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 10(1): 1-14.

O periódico RUA utiliza a licença do Creative Commons (CC), preservando assim, a integridade dos artigos em ambiente de acesso aberto.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.