Taste alteration, mouth dryness and teeth staining as side effects of medications taken by elderly

Authors

  • Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPEL
  • Camila Porto de Deco Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP
  • Michelle Roberta Vieira Silva Reis
  • Adriana Mathias Pereira da Silva Marchini Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP
  • Rosilene Fernandes da Rocha Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP
  • Leonardo Marchini4

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v13i4.8640854

Keywords:

Aged, Drug interactions, Xerostomia

Abstract

Elderly patients generally use several types of medication, some of which may cause oral side effects. Aim: To investigate the oral side effects caused by medication in an elderly sample. Methods: Three hundred patients were interviewed about their use of medication and were divided in two groups: institutionalized (n=150) and community-dwelling (n=150) elderly. Results: The most used drugs were antihypertensives (53%) for community-dwelling elders and antiulceratives (76%) for the institutionalized ones. The more prevalent side effects were taste alterations that occurred in 19%, dry mouth in 17% and teeth staining in 2%. Conclusions: A high prevalence of oral side effects from medications used by the elderly was found in this study. The health professionals should be aware of the possible side effects caused by prescribed medications.

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Author Biographies

Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPEL

Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPEL, School of Dentistry, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil

Camila Porto de Deco, Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP, São José dos Campos Dental School, Department of Biosciences and Oral Diagnosis, São José dos Campos, SP.

Michelle Roberta Vieira Silva Reis

Private Practice – São José dos Campos, SP.

Adriana Mathias Pereira da Silva Marchini, Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP, São José dos Campos Dental School, Department of Biosciences and Oral Diagnosis, São José dos Campos, SP.

Rosilene Fernandes da Rocha, Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP, São José dos Campos Dental School, Department of Biosciences and Oral Diagnosis, São José dos Campos, SP.

Leonardo Marchini4

University of Iowa, College of Dentistry, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Published

2014-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Santos MBF dos, Deco CP de, Reis MRVS, Marchini AMP da S, Rocha RF da, Marchini4 L. Taste alteration, mouth dryness and teeth staining as side effects of medications taken by elderly. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2014 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Sep. 26];13(4):257-60. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640854

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