Body mass index, dental caries and sugar intake in 2-5 year-old preschoolers

Authors

  • Ronald Jefferson Martins Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP
  • Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP
  • Mirelli Ramiro Silva Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP
  • Orlando Saliba Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP
  • Clea Adas Saliba Garbin Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v13i3.8640889

Keywords:

Child, preschool, Body mass index, Dental caries, Obesity

Abstract

Aim: To determine the association between dental caries, Body Mass Index (BMI) and sugar intake in children attending primary school. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 91 children, with mean age of 3.9 years (sd = ±1.0), considering anthropometric measurements, according to standardized methodology of the Ministry of Health and occurrence of dental caries was recorded from clinical examinations (dmft). The sugar intake level was measured with a questionnaire that was applied to parents/caretakers of the children. The association of the variables was checked using a correlation with the Contingency C coefficient test. Results: 33 (36.3%) children were at risk for overweight, overweight or obese. Of these, 10 (30.3%) had dmft >1. An association was found between sugar added to the bottle and child dmft (coeff. C = 0.5853 and p <0.0001) and also with BMI (coeff. C = 0.5693 and p <0.0001). There was no association between BMI and caries (chisquare = 0.1447 and p-value = 0.7036). Conclusions: It was concluded that there was a correlation between sugar intake and dmft and BMI, but not between caries and BMI.

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Author Biographies

Ronald Jefferson Martins, Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP, Faculty of Dentistry of Araçatuba, Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Araçatuba, SP.

Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz, Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP, Faculty of Dentistry of Araçatuba, Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Araçatuba, SP.

Mirelli Ramiro Silva, Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP, Faculty of Dentistry of Araçatuba, Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Araçatuba, SP.

Orlando Saliba, Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP, Faculty of Dentistry of Araçatuba, Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Araçatuba, SP.

Clea Adas Saliba Garbin, Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP

Universidade Estadual Paulista – UNESP, Faculty of Dentistry of Araçatuba, Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Araçatuba, SP.

Published

2010-12-30

How to Cite

1.
Martins RJ, Moimaz SAS, Silva MR, Saliba O, Garbin CAS. Body mass index, dental caries and sugar intake in 2-5 year-old preschoolers. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2010 Dec. 30 [cited 2022 Sep. 26];13(3):209-12. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640889

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