Dental caries in inland Brazilian adolescents and its relationship with social determinants

Authors

  • Andréa Videira Assaf Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF
  • Angela Scarparo Caldo-Teixeira Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF
  • Flavia Maia Silveira Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF
  • Maria Isabel Bastos Valente Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF
  • Rafael Gomes Ditterich Universidade Federal do Paraná – UFPR
  • Roberta Barcelos Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v13i2.8640911

Keywords:

Risk factors, Social class, Dental caries

Abstract

Aim: To identify the prevalence of dental caries in inland Brazilian adolescents, and to analyze the influence of socio-demographic and clinical variables, and access to dental service on caries experience. Methods: This study had a non-probabilistic sample comprising 504 adolescents aged 12 years, attending public schools in the city of Nova Friburgo, mountain region of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The World Health Organization (WHO, 1997) criterion was used by previously calibrated examiners to report dental caries. Variables were obtained by means of a semistructured questionnaire applied to the adolescents’ parents. Results: The D3 MFT mean was 1.90 and the Significant Caries (SIC) Index was 4.54, mainly represented by the carious component. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that parents with over 8 years of schooling (OR=0.579), absence of pain (OR=0.396) and not visiting the dentist (OR=0.270) might suggest protective factors against the disease; the possible risk factors were male gender (OR=1.982) and pain, extraction and others were reasons for consultation (OR=2.435). Conclusions: Although the prevalence of caries was slightly below the national mean, polarization of the disease was clearly observed. Education and no access to the dentist led to protection against the disease. These results may contribute to planning of oral health actions directed towards this target population for the control of caries.

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Author Biographies

Andréa Videira Assaf, Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF

Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF, Nova Friburgo Dental School, Department of Specific Formation, Nova Friburgo, RJ.

Angela Scarparo Caldo-Teixeira, Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF

Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF, Nova Friburgo Dental School, Department of Specific Formation, Nova Friburgo, RJ.

Flavia Maia Silveira, Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF

Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF, Nova Friburgo Dental School, Department of Specific Formation, Nova Friburgo, RJ.

Maria Isabel Bastos Valente, Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF

Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF, Nova Friburgo Dental School, Department of Specific Formation, Nova Friburgo, RJ.

Rafael Gomes Ditterich, Universidade Federal do Paraná – UFPR

Universidade Federal do Paraná – UFPR, Dental School, Department of Community Health, Curitiba, PR.

Roberta Barcelos, Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF

Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF, Nova Friburgo Dental School, Department of Specific Formation, Nova Friburgo, RJ.

Published

2009-12-30

How to Cite

1.
Assaf AV, Caldo-Teixeira AS, Silveira FM, Valente MIB, Ditterich RG, Barcelos R. Dental caries in inland Brazilian adolescents and its relationship with social determinants. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2009 Dec. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 10];13(2):133-9. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640911

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