Dental caries trends among preschool children in Indaiatuba, SP, Brazil

  • Regiane Cristina do Amaral Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP
  • Marília Jesus Batista Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP
  • Maria Paula Maciel Rando Meirelles Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP
  • Silvia Cypriano Pontíficia Universidade Católica de Campinas - PUCCAMP
  • Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate caries experience and associated factors in 5-year-old preschool children in the city of Indaiatuba, SP, Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, representative study, conducted from an epidemiological oral health survey (2010) with 303 children. The sample was established by the systematic probabilistic method, in public and private schools, in accordance with WHO criteria. The sample was checked for caries experience (dmft) by four trained and calibrated dentists, reaching acceptable levels of agreement for data collection. Parents or guardians answered questions related to their education and monthly income, and the children answered questions related to dental care and pain. Descriptive and bivariate analyses of independent variables were performed. Variables with p<0.20 were included in the model (Poisson regression analysis). Results: The sample consisted of 151 boys and 152 girls, with a mean dmft of 1.46. The reasons for visiting a dentist due to pain or need for treatment were associated with dmft > 0 (PR=3.76, 95%CI=2.06-6.84) after adjustment of the regression model. Conclusions: Among the preschool children of this study, pain or need for treatment due to caries disease in the primary dentition and the reason to visit the dentist due pain emphasizing the importance of the professional not only in curative actions, but as a health promoter at the first contact with the child.

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Author Biographies

Regiane Cristina do Amaral, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP
Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, Piracicaba Dental School, Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Piracicaba, SP.
Marília Jesus Batista, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP
Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, Piracicaba Dental School, Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Piracicaba, SP.
Maria Paula Maciel Rando Meirelles, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP
Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, Piracicaba Dental School, Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Piracicaba, SP.
Silvia Cypriano, Pontíficia Universidade Católica de Campinas - PUCCAMP
Pontíficia Universidade Católica de Campinas - PUCCAMP, Dental School, Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Campinas, SP.
Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP
Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, Piracicaba Dental School, Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Piracicaba, SP.
Published
2015-10-13
How to Cite
Amaral, R. C. do, Batista, M. J., Meirelles, M. P. M. R., Cypriano, S., & Sousa, M. da L. R. de. (2015). Dental caries trends among preschool children in Indaiatuba, SP, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 13(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v13i1.8640920
Section
Article

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