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Tooth erosion and dental caries in schoolchildren: is there a relationship between them?
Remote (Português (Brasil))

Keywords

Dental caries
Tooth erosion
Epidemiology
Child
Diet

How to Cite

1.
Salas MMS, Dantas RVF, Sarmento HR, Vargas-Ferreira F, Torriani D, Demarco FF. Tooth erosion and dental caries in schoolchildren: is there a relationship between them?. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 13 [cited 2024 Mar. 3];13(1):12-6. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640923

Abstract

Aim: To identify a possible association between the occurrence of dental caries and tooth erosion and to correlate the dietary factor with an increased risk of dental caries. Methods: A crosssectional study in a multistage random sample of 1,211, 8 to 12-years-old Brazilian schoolchildren in private and public schools was conducted in Pelotas, Brazil. The prevalence of dental caries and tooth erosion was assessed. Dietary habits data were collected by a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression model taking into account the cluster sample (Prevalence ratio - PR; 95% Confidence Interval - CI). Results: The prevalence of dental caries and tooth erosion was 32.4% (95% CI: 30.0; 35.2) and 25.0% (95% CI: 23.4; 29.0), respectively. Most children had high consumption of sweets (65%). Consumption of fruits, such as oranges (31%), strawberries (23.6%), pineapple (12%), and natural fruit juices (oranges, lemon) was low. Soft drinks consumption, 3 or more times a week was observed in 40% of the children. Conclusions: Dental caries was not statistically associated with tooth erosion. The consumption of acidic fruits/drinks was not associated with dental caries. Dental caries and dental erosion were not associated with each other and with acidic fruits or drinks consumption.
Remote (Português (Brasil))
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2015 Mabel Miluska Suca Salas, Raquel Venâncio Fernandes Dantas, Hugo Ramalho Sarmento, Fabiana Vargas-Ferreira, Dione Torriani, Flávio Fernando Demarco

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