Prevalence of dental fractures and associated factors in students of Valinhos, SP, Brazil

Authors

  • Andressa Reisen São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center
  • Rubia Raquel Santos do Nascimento São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center
  • Cristiana Carina de Barros Lima Dantas São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center
  • Roberta Tagliari da Rosa São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center
  • Luciane Zanin Hermínio Ometto University Center
  • Flavia Martão Flório São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v12i4.8640939

Keywords:

Dental fractures, Risk factors, Students, Oral health, Epidemiology

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the prevalence of dental fractures and their association with risk factors in the permanent dentition of adolescents in Valinhos, SP, Brazil. Methods: The study population was obtained using the probability sampling method and comprised 379 students between 13 and 19 years old enrolled in the eight State schools of the city, who were examined by nine pairs of calibrated dentists (Kappa>0.80). The presence of dental fractures in permanent anterior incisors, as well as the presence of considerable overjet (> 5mm) and lip seal was evaluated in a clinicalepidemiological examination. Results: The prevalence of dental trauma was 27.1%. The most frequent lesions were enamel fractures (72.6%) of which falls were the main cause (45.7%). No association was found between the presence of considerable overjet and deficient lip seal (chisquare test; p>0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of dental trauma in the studied population was expressive when compared with the literature, but the analyzed oral aspects did not contribute to its occurrence.

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Author Biographies

Andressa Reisen, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center

Department of Social Sciences, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center, Campinas, SP.

Rubia Raquel Santos do Nascimento, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center

Department of Social Sciences, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center, Campinas, SP

Cristiana Carina de Barros Lima Dantas, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center

Department of Social Sciences, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center, Campinas, SP

Roberta Tagliari da Rosa, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center

Department of Social Sciences, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center, Campinas, SP

Luciane Zanin, Hermínio Ometto University Center

Department of Social Sciences, Hermínio Ometto University Center, Araras, SP.

Flavia Martão Flório, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center

Department of Social Sciences, São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry and Research Center, Campinas, SP

Published

2015-10-15

How to Cite

1.
Reisen A, Nascimento RRS do, Dantas CC de BL, Rosa RT da, Zanin L, Flório FM. Prevalence of dental fractures and associated factors in students of Valinhos, SP, Brazil. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 15 [cited 2022 Aug. 14];12(4):280-4. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640939

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