Non-white people have a greater risk for maxillofacial trauma: findings from a 24-month retrospective study in Brazil

Authors

  • Luciana Domingues Conceição Federal University of Pelotas
  • Rafael Guerra Lund Federal University of Pelotas
  • Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto
  • Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva USP
  • Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite Federal University of Pelotas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v12i4.8640944

Keywords:

Epidemiology, Violence, Maxillofacial injuries

Abstract

Aim: To identify the predominant causes and types of maxillofacial trauma in Brazil. Methods: Reports of corporal trauma (7,536) between 2009-2010 in the Brazilian Institute of Forensic Medicine were analyzed as to the presence of maxillofacial traumas. Victims’ demographic and trauma characteristics were recorded. Results: Data were submitted to chi-square test and to multivariate Poisson regression. 778 reports referred maxillofacial trauma. Most victims were men (50.8%) around 27.6 years. Main causes were physical aggression (88.1%) and traffic accidents (6.7%). The most affected extraoral area was the middle third (60.7%). Risk for trauma in the middle third was significantly higher among patients aged 61-75 (RR 1.32), and non-white patients (black-skinned RR 1.21; brown-skinned RR 1.18); while falls were associated with trauma in the lower third (RR1.79). Conclusions: Violence was the main cause of maxillofacial trauma. Prevention of interpersonal violence may be a key element to prevent maxillofacial trauma.

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Author Biographies

Luciana Domingues Conceição, Federal University of Pelotas

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental School, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS.

Rafael Guerra Lund, Federal University of Pelotas

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental School, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS.

Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto

Forensic Dentistry, Ribeirão Preto Dental School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP.

Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, USP

Forensic Dentistry, Ribeirão Preto Dental School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP.

Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite, Federal University of Pelotas

Department of Semiology and Clinics, Dental School, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS.

Published

2015-10-15

How to Cite

1.
Conceição LD, Lund RG, Nascimento GG, Silva RHA da, Leite FRM. Non-white people have a greater risk for maxillofacial trauma: findings from a 24-month retrospective study in Brazil. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015Oct.15 [cited 2022Jan.19];12(4):313-8. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640944

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