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Non-white people have a greater risk for maxillofacial trauma: findings from a 24-month retrospective study in Brazil
Remote (Português (Brasil))

Keywords

Epidemiology
Violence
Maxillofacial injuries

How to Cite

1.
Conceição LD, Lund RG, Nascimento GG, Silva RHA da, Leite FRM. Non-white people have a greater risk for maxillofacial trauma: findings from a 24-month retrospective study in Brazil. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 15 [cited 2024 Mar. 4];12(4):313-8. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640944

Abstract

Aim: To identify the predominant causes and types of maxillofacial trauma in Brazil. Methods: Reports of corporal trauma (7,536) between 2009-2010 in the Brazilian Institute of Forensic Medicine were analyzed as to the presence of maxillofacial traumas. Victims’ demographic and trauma characteristics were recorded. Results: Data were submitted to chi-square test and to multivariate Poisson regression. 778 reports referred maxillofacial trauma. Most victims were men (50.8%) around 27.6 years. Main causes were physical aggression (88.1%) and traffic accidents (6.7%). The most affected extraoral area was the middle third (60.7%). Risk for trauma in the middle third was significantly higher among patients aged 61-75 (RR 1.32), and non-white patients (black-skinned RR 1.21; brown-skinned RR 1.18); while falls were associated with trauma in the lower third (RR1.79). Conclusions: Violence was the main cause of maxillofacial trauma. Prevention of interpersonal violence may be a key element to prevent maxillofacial trauma.
Remote (Português (Brasil))
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2015 Luciana Domingues Conceição, Rafael Guerra Lund, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite

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