Orofacial and dental condition in leprosy

Authors

  • Raony Môlim de Sousa Pereira University of Piauí
  • Thalisson Saymo de Oliveira Silva University of Piauí
  • Luciana Saraiva e Silva University of Piauí
  • Tanit Clementino Santos UNINOVAFAPI
  • Carlos Alberto Monteiro Falcão State University of Piauí; UNINOVAFAPI
  • Lucielma Salmito Soares Pinto State University of Piauí; UNINOVAFAPI

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v12i4.8640977

Keywords:

Leprosy, Mycobacterium leprae, Oral health

Abstract

Aim: To verify the orofacial and dental complex in individuals affected by leprosy concerning lesions, prevalence of dental caries and biofilm storage. Methods: This study was performed on 56 patients with leprosy: 28 under treatment and 28 treated for the disease. A clinical form was prepared to include demographic and leprosy data. The prevalence of caries was analyzed using the decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT) index and oral hygiene was evaluated using the Plaque Control Record. The statistical significance was measured by chi-square and Student’s t-test. Results: The mean age was 56.4 years, and there was predominance of males. The treatment group had more women (Pearson ÷2=12.47, p=0.0004) and younger patients (Pearson ÷2=9.688, p=0.0079) than the healed group. As much as 30.4% of patients had orofacial complaints related to the disease. The most often observed variations of normality as racial melanin pigmentation (67.8%) and lingual varices (32.1%), and lesions such as atrophy of the anterior nasal spine (25%), inflammatory papillary hyperplasia (17.8%), and collapse of the nasal bridge (14.3%). There were no specific oral lesions among leprosy patients. The mean DMFT was 20.8 and the Plaque Control Record was 70.2%. The treated group had higher DMFT than the treatment group (Student’s t p=0.003). Conclusions: The oral health status of individuals with leprosy is poor, with high levels of plaque and DMFT. No oral lesions associated with the disease were seen.

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Author Biographies

Raony Môlim de Sousa Pereira, University of Piauí

Department of Diagnosis and Clinical Dentistry, Dental School, State University of Piauí, Parnaíba, PI.

Thalisson Saymo de Oliveira Silva, University of Piauí

Department of Diagnosis and Clinical Dentistry, Dental School, State University of Piauí, Parnaíba, PI.

Luciana Saraiva e Silva, University of Piauí

Departament of Basic Sciences, Medical School, State University of Piauí, Teresina, PI.

Tanit Clementino Santos, UNINOVAFAPI

Department of Diagnosis and Clinical Dentistry, Dental School, UNINOVAFAPI, Teresina, PI.

Carlos Alberto Monteiro Falcão, State University of Piauí; UNINOVAFAPI

Department of Diagnosis and Clinical Dentistry, Dental School, State University of Piauí, Parnaíba, PI; Department of Diagnosis and Clinical Dentistry, Dental School, UNINOVAFAPI, Teresina, PI.

Lucielma Salmito Soares Pinto, State University of Piauí; UNINOVAFAPI

Departament of Basic Sciences, Medical School, State University of Piauí, Teresina, PI. Department of Diagnosis and Clinical Dentistry, Dental School, UNINOVAFAPI, Teresina, PI.

Published

2015-10-15

How to Cite

1.
Pereira RM de S, Silva TS de O, Silva LS e, Santos TC, Falcão CAM, Pinto LSS. Orofacial and dental condition in leprosy. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 15 [cited 2022 Aug. 14];12(4):330-4. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8640977

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