Is depression associated with periodontal status in elderly?

  • Leonel Ramonnd Ferreira Viana University of Maranhão
  • Consuelo Penha Castro University of Maranhão
  • Hellen-Bry Wanderley Pereira Federal University of Maranhão
  • Adriana de Fátima Vasconcelos Pereira University of Maranhão
  • Fernanda Ferreira Lopes University of Maranhão

Abstract

Aim: To examine whether the depression is associated with periodontitis in elderly and to evaluate oral hygiene of these patients. Methods: One hundred and ninety one individuals aged 60 years or more were randomly selected. Periodontal examination was performed in full mouth by probing depth and clinical attachment loss in 6 sites for each tooth. The Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) per individual was also obtained. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) to show how the elderly have been feeling during the last week. Results: Only SOHI was statistically significant (t = 4.7169, p<0.001), which better explains the variance in periodontal status. The variable GDS-15 revealed no significant values (t=0.3901, p=0.6971). Conclusions: There was no association between periodontitis and depression in elderly, but there was association between periodontitis and oral hygiene.

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Author Biographies

Leonel Ramonnd Ferreira Viana, University of Maranhão
Department of Dentistry, Dental School, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, MA.
Consuelo Penha Castro, University of Maranhão
Department of Dentistry, Dental School, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, MA.
Hellen-Bry Wanderley Pereira, Federal University of Maranhão
Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, MA.
Adriana de Fátima Vasconcelos Pereira, University of Maranhão
Department of Dentistry, Dental School, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, MA.
Fernanda Ferreira Lopes, University of Maranhão
Department of Dentistry, Dental School, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, MA.
Published
2015-10-19
How to Cite
Viana, L. R. F., Castro, C. P., Pereira, H.-B. W., Pereira, A. de F. V., & Lopes, F. F. (2015). Is depression associated with periodontal status in elderly?. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 12(1), 20-22. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v12i1.8641122
Section
Article