Clinical status of permanent first molars in children aged seven to ten years in a Brazilian rural community

Authors

  • Lara Jansiski Motta Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE)
  • Joyce Garcia dos Santos Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE)
  • Thays Almeida Alfaya Fluminense Federal University (UFF)
  • Carolina Cardoso Guedes Braz Cubas University
  • Camila Haddad Leal de Godoy Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE)
  • Sandra Kalil Bussadori Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v11i4.8641246

Keywords:

Dental caries, Molar, fluorosis, Dental, Gingivitis, Malocclusion

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the clinical status of permanent first molars and associations with dental caries, gingival bleeding, dental fluorosis and malocclusion. Methods: An observational study was carried out in a rural community denominated Morro do Saboó in the city of São Roque, state of São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 194 children aged seven to ten years were examined for dental caries using the index proposed by the World Health Organization. Other conditions were determined using the Gingival Alterations Index, Dean’s Index and Dental Aesthetic Index. The chi-squared test was used for the statistical analysis of the data. Results: A total of 85.5% of the sample exhibited gingival bleeding and 69.9% exhibited malocclusion. A total of 53.6% had a clinical aspect of normality with regard to dental fluorosis. There was a predominance of sound teeth in the upper arch and teeth with carious lesions in the lower arch. No significant differences were found between sexes regarding gingival bleeding, dental fluorosis or malocclusion. Significant associations were found between tooth status and oral alterations (gingival bleeding, malocclusion and fluorosis) in teeth 16, 26 and 46 and between tooth status and gingival bleeding in tooth 36 (p<0.001). Conclusions: Caries activity in the permanent first molars was mainly associated with dental fluorosis and malocclusion. Strategies aimed at health promotion should be adopted on a large scale to minimize the prevalence of oral diseases.

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Author Biographies

Lara Jansiski Motta, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE)

PhD, Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences Graduation Program, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), São Paulo, SP.

Joyce Garcia dos Santos, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE)

DDS, Private Practice, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences Post Graduation Program, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), São Paulo, SP.

Thays Almeida Alfaya, Fluminense Federal University (UFF)

DDS, Student of Dental Clinic Graduation Program, Fluminense Federal University (UFF), Niterói, RJ.

Carolina Cardoso Guedes, Braz Cubas University

MS, Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, Braz Cubas University, São Paulo, SP.

Camila Haddad Leal de Godoy, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE)

DDS, Student of Rehabilitation Sciences Graduation Program, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), São Paulo, SP.

Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE)

PhD, Professor of Rehabilitation Sciences Post Graduation Program, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE) , São Paulo, SP.

Published

2015-10-22

How to Cite

1.
Motta LJ, Santos JG dos, Alfaya TA, Guedes CC, Godoy CHL de, Bussadori SK. Clinical status of permanent first molars in children aged seven to ten years in a Brazilian rural community. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 22 [cited 2022 Aug. 8];11(4):475-780. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641246

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