Dentistry for babies: caries experience vs. assiduity in clinical care

  • Letícia Vargas Freire Martins Lemos Univ Estadual Paulista, Unesp
  • Terezinha Esteves de Jesus Barata Federal University of Goiás (UFG)
  • Silvio Issáo Myak Univ Estadual Paulista, Unesp
  • Luiz Reynaldo de Figueiredo Walter State University of Londrina (UEL)

Abstract

Aim: This study analyzed and compared the experience of dental caries in 300 children aged 0 to 48 months, who were participants and non-participants of a preventive program ‘Dentistry for babies’, as well as the correlation between assiduity of dental visits and experience of dental caries. Methods: The subjects were randomly selected and divided into two groups: G1 ‘Non participant children of the Program’ (n=100) and G2 ‘Participant Children of the Program’ (n=200). Each group was subdivided in two subgroups: 0-24 months and 25-48 months. The collected data from G2 were analyzed, relating the variation of the dmft index (dmft refers to primary teeth: d = decayed, m = missing/extracted due to caries, f = filled, t = teeth) (C) and dental caries prevalence (P) with the influence of assiduity factor in each subgroup. To collect data, clinical examinations were performed using tactile and visual criteria by a single calibrated examiner. The data were statistically analyzed using the ‘paired t-test’, ‘Mann-Whitney’ and ’Chi-Squared’ tests (p<0.05). Results: It was found that prevalence and dmft index were statistically significant (P=0.0001) with the greatest values observed in G1 (p=0.0001). The values were: PG1 (73%), PG2 (22%), CG1 (3.45±3.84), CG2 (0.66±1.57). Assiduity was significant in G2 (p=0.0001). The values observed were: P-Assiduous (2%), P-Non-assiduous (42%), C-Assiduous (0.04±0.31), and C-Non-assiduous (1.29±2.01). Conclusions: The participation in the program had a positive influence on the oral health of babies. Complete assiduity to the program resulted in the lowest rates and prevalence of dental caries.

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Author Biographies

Letícia Vargas Freire Martins Lemos, Univ Estadual Paulista, Unesp
DDS, MS, PhD student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Araraquara Dental School, UNESP – Univ Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, SP.
Terezinha Esteves de Jesus Barata, Federal University of Goiás (UFG)
DDS, MS, PhD, Professor, Department of Preventive Dentistry and Oral Rehabilitation, Dental School, Federal University of Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, GO.
Silvio Issáo Myak, Univ Estadual Paulista, Unesp
DDS, MS, PhD, Professor, Department of Pediatric and Social Dentistry, São José dos Campos Dental School, UNESP – Univ Estadual Paulista, São José dos Campos, SP.
Luiz Reynaldo de Figueiredo Walter, State University of Londrina (UEL)
DDS, MS, PhD, Full Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School, State University of Londrina (UEL), Londrina, PR.
Published
2015-10-22
How to Cite
Lemos, L. V. F. M., Barata, T. E. de J., Myak, S. I., & Walter, L. R. de F. (2015). Dentistry for babies: caries experience vs. assiduity in clinical care. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 11(4), 486-491. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v11i4.8641248
Section
Article

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