Banner Portal
Masticatory performance with different types of rehabilitation of the edentulous mandible
Remote (Português (Brasil))

Keywords

Mastication
Prostheses and implants
Dental implants
Dental prosthesis retention

How to Cite

1.
Neves FD, Borges T de F, Borges T de F, Mendonça DBS, Prado MM da S, Zancopé K. Masticatory performance with different types of rehabilitation of the edentulous mandible. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 22 [cited 2024 Mar. 1];14(3):186-9. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641269

Abstract

Aim: To compare the masticatory performance associated with different rehabilitation strategies for patients with edentulous mandibles. Methods: one portion of the test food “Optocal” was provided to groups: Natural Dentition (n = 15), Mandibular Fixed Implant-Supported Prosthesis with Maxillary Fixed Prosthesis (n = 8), Mandibular Fixed Implant-Supported Prosthesis with Maxillary Removable Prosthesis (n = 14), Mandibular Implant-Retained Overdenture with Maxillary Removable Prosthesis (n = 16), and Complete Dentures (n = 16). The portion was collected after 40 chewing strokes, and then passed through a stack of eight sieves with decreasing apertures. Masticatory performance was determined by weighing the portion of food on each sieve. Results: the masticatory performance was: 71.00% for Natural Dentition, 41.57% for Mandibular Fixed Implant-Supported Prosthesis with Maxillary Fixed Prosthesis, 31.44% for Mandibular Fixed Implant-Supported Prosthesis with Maxillary Removable Prosthesis, 27.70% for Mandibular Implant-retained Overdenture, and 14.33% for Complete Dentures. The data were statistically compared using Student’s t-test (p < 0.05). Natural Dentition and Complete Denture groups were statistically different from all other groups, with the Natural Dentition and Complete Denture groups exhibiting the highest and lowest masticatory performance values, respectively. Conclusions: Osseointegrated implants improved the masticatory performance of all implant-supported groups compared to the Complete Dentures group.
Remote (Português (Brasil))
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2015 Flávio Domingues Neves, Tânia de Freitas Borges, Tânia de Freitas Borges, Daniela Baccelli Silveira Mendonça, Marisa Martins da Silva Prado, Karla Zancopé

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.