Prevalence and type of gingival recession in adults in the city of Divinópolis, MG, Brazil

Authors

  • Geraldo Muzzi Guimarães Periodontal Plastic Surgery Course of the Brazilin Dental Association
  • Evandro Guimarães Aguiar Federal University of Minas Gerais

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v11i3.8641363

Keywords:

Gingival recession, Epidemiology, Gingival recession classification

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of gingival recession (GR), its classification according to Miller’s classification, and its relationship with gender, age, income and level of education, in the population of the city of Divinópolis, MG, Brazil. Methods: Two questionnaires were distributed to the local dentists. One of them was directed to the patients and had questions referring to gender, age and socioeconomic conditions; the other was directed to dentists and had questions about the type of GR found in each patient. Results: 245 patients were included in the study. GR prevalence was higher in women. GR prevalence increased with age and seemed to stabilize after the age of 30. There was no relationship between GR and patient’s socioeconomic status. A higher GR prevalence was found in premolars with no statistically significant difference among them. There is a higher prevalence of Miller’s Class I GR. Conclusions: As the prevalence of GR increases with age, a frequency of 81.40% of GR was obtained. No correlation was found between socioeconomic level and GR. In addition, there was no significant difference between genders on GR prevalence. A higher Miller class I (p=0.000) prevalence was observed. There was no significant difference between mandibular and maxillary molars. However, the mandibular premolars were the most affected and there was a higher GR prevalence in maxillary teeth than in mandibular teeth.

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Author Biographies

Geraldo Muzzi Guimarães, Periodontal Plastic Surgery Course of the Brazilin Dental Association

Master and Specialist in Periodontology, Coordinator of the Periodontal Plastic Surgery Course of the Brazilin Dental Association, Divinópolis, MG.

Evandro Guimarães Aguiar, Federal University of Minas Gerais

PhD in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Specialist in Periodontology, Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG.

Published

2015-10-27

How to Cite

1.
Guimarães GM, Aguiar EG. Prevalence and type of gingival recession in adults in the city of Divinópolis, MG, Brazil. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Oct. 27 [cited 2022 Nov. 30];11(3):357-61. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641363

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