Clinical effects of supragingival plaque control on uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects with chronic periodontitis

Authors

  • Andrea Son Paulista University
  • Claudia Pera Paulista University
  • Paulo Ueda Paulista University
  • Renato Corrêa Viana Casarin Paulista University
  • Suzana Peres Pimentel Paulista University
  • Fabiano Ribeiro Cirano Paulista University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v11i1.8641556

Keywords:

Diabetes mellitus, Plaque control, Chronic periodontitis

Abstract

Aim: To determine the clinical changes occurred in chronic periodontitis patients presenting uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus after a supragingival plaque control period. Methods: Subjects presenting generalized chronic periodontitis were divided into two groups: Non-diabetics (n=20) – healthy subjects presenting chronic periodontitis; and Diabetics (n=14) – subjects with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus presenting chronic periodontitis. All subjects went through 28 days of supragingival plaque control - ST - (including prophylaxis, calculus removal, extraction of hopeless teeth and oral hygiene instructions) and were evaluated at baseline and after 28 days by the following parameters: Full-Mouth Plaque Score (FMPS) and Full-Mouth Bleeding Scores (FMBS), Periodontal Probing Depth (PPD), Gingival Recession (GR) and Clinical Attachment Level (CAL). ANOVA/Tukey’s test and Student’s t test were used for data analysis. Results: No statistically significant differences (p>0.05) between groups were observed at baseline for any parameter. Both groups presented a significant reduction in FMPS and FMBS after 28 days (p<0.05), but no statistically significant difference was found (p>0.05) between groups. Clinically, only the Non-diabetic group showed a significant improvement after ST, in PPD of initially deep pockets (p<0.05). However, no change in the clinical parameters was observed in the diabetic subjects (p>0.05). Conclusions: It may be concluded that uncontrolled diabetes mellitus reduces periodontal changes in the supragingival plaque control regimen of subjects presenting with chronic periodontitis.

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Author Biographies

Andrea Son, Paulista University

DDS student, Paulista University

Claudia Pera, Paulista University

DDS, MSc student, Periodontics Division, Paulista University

Paulo Ueda, Paulista University

DDS, MSc student, Periodontics Division, Paulista University

Renato Corrêa Viana Casarin, Paulista University

DDS, MSc, PhD, Professor, Periodontics Division, Paulista University

Suzana Peres Pimentel, Paulista University

DDS, MSc, PhD, Professor, Periodontics Division, Paulista University

Fabiano Ribeiro Cirano, Paulista University

DDS, MSc, PhD, Professor, Periodontics Division, Paulista University

Published

2015-11-03

How to Cite

1.
Son A, Pera C, Ueda P, Casarin RCV, Pimentel SP, Cirano FR. Clinical effects of supragingival plaque control on uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects with chronic periodontitis. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 3 [cited 2022 Sep. 30];11(1):47-51. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641556

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