Incidence and treatment of furcation involvements in a Brazilian dental school. Epidemiologic data.

  • Antonio Wilson Sallum School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
  • Renato de Vasconcelos Alves School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
  • Luciana Machion School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
  • Márcio Zaffalon Casati School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
  • Emerson José Sallum School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
  • Enilson Antonio Sallum School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
Keywords: Furcation involvement. Periodontal therapy. Epidemiology

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determinate the incidence of these defects and the therapeutic approaches employed in 105 patients attended in a Brazilian dental school. One-hundred five periodontal charts of patients attended at the Dental Clinic of the Unicamp Dental School were examined, in order to find furcation lesions in molar and premolar teeth (upper and/or lower). The results showed that these 105 subjects exhibited 216 teeth with furcation involvements (131 at the upper jaw and 85 at the lower jaw). It represented a percentual score of furcation defects by jaw: 60.6% at the upper jaw and 39.4% at the lower jaw. The incidence of furcation lesions was higher at the first molar in all of the quadrants and the higher incidence of these defects was on the tooth #16 (34%) and the upper buccal furcation defect was the more incident in this sample (28.2%). The predominant type of furcation lesion at the upper jaw was the class I defect (61.5%) and the more prevalent defect in the lower jaw was class I (65.8%). Considering both the archs, the class I defect appeared in 60.2% of the cases, class II´s, 30.1%, and class III´s, 9.7%. The more used therapeutic approach for furcation involvements was scaling and root planing (69.9%). These data suggest that the upper teeth are more affected by furcation lesions than the lower teeth; the furcation lesions are more frequent on the first molar in all of the quadrants; the class I is the more frequent type of furcation lesion; and the more frequently used approach to treat furcation involvement was scaling and root planing.

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Author Biographies

Antonio Wilson Sallum, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1967), especialização em Periodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1980), especialização em Endodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1980) e doutorado em Ciências Periodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1973). Atualmente é professor titular da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Clínica Odontológica.
Renato de Vasconcelos Alves, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
Graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade de Pernambuco (1997), Mestrado em Clínica Odontológica - Área de Periodontia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba-UNICAMP (2002) e Doutorado em Clínica Odontológica - Área de Periodontia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba-UNICAMP (2004). Pós-Doutorado em Odontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Pernambuco - UPE (2007).
Márcio Zaffalon Casati, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1995), mestrado em Clínica Odontológica pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1999) e doutorado em Clínica Odontológica pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2001).
Emerson José Sallum, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Metropolitana de Santos(1999) e mestrado em Ortodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(2002). Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Ortodontia
Enilson Antonio Sallum, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba (UNICAMP)
Graduação em Odontologia (1990) , especialização em Periodontia (1996) , mestrado em Biologia Patologia Buco-Dental (1993) e doutorado (1996) em Clínica Odontológica, todos pela Unicamp. Pós-doutorado pela University of Texas - Houston (1999) . Atualmente é professor titular. Tem experiência na área de Odontologia , com ênfase em Periodontia.

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Published
2015-11-12
How to Cite
Sallum, A. W., Alves, R. de V., Machion, L., Casati, M. Z., Sallum, E. J., & Sallum, E. A. (2015). Incidence and treatment of furcation involvements in a Brazilian dental school. Epidemiologic data. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 2(7), 361-364. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v2i7.8641720
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Article