Clinical assessment of the efficacy of low-level laser therapy on muscle pain in women with temporomandibular dysfunction, by surface electromyography

Authors

  • Ewerson Bertolini Shinozak University of Vale do Paraíba
  • Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos State University of Campinas
  • Luiz Kioaki Okazaki University of Vale do Paraíba
  • Leonardo Marchini University of Vale do Paraíba; University of Taubaté; São José dos Campos School of Dentistry

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v9i4.8641726

Keywords:

Temporomandibular dysfunction, Low-level laser, Electromyography

Abstract

The use of low-level laser (LLL) may be an useful tool to promote reduction of muscular pain caused by TMD. Aim: This study evaluated the immediate efficacy of low-level laser therapy on women reporting pain and diagnosed with temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). Methods: Diode laser (GaAlAs) at 790 nm wavelength (infrared spectrum) was applied as experimental treatment. Irradiations of 1.5 J/cm² were made at 4 points of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and of 3 J/cm² at 3 points in the temporal muscle. An electromyographic (EMG) evaluation of the masseter and anterior temporal was done at the following intervals: before, immediately after, 5 min and 20 min after laser application. Results: Comparison of the electrical activity at the times of measurement revealed a statistically significant difference in masseter muscles before (P=0.025) and immediately after (P=0.013) LLLT. Conclusions: Both masseter and temporal muscles showed a reduction in the measured EMG activities at all times after LLLT, and the temporal muscle showed higher EMG activity than the masseter muscle at all the evaluation times. LLLT caused significant immediate relaxation of the masseter muscles.

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Author Biographies

Ewerson Bertolini Shinozak, University of Vale do Paraíba

DDS, MSD, PhD, Dental Laser Center, Institute for Research and Development, Universidade do Vale do Paraíba, São José dos Campos, SP. DDS, MSD, PhD, School of Dentistry, University of Vale do Paraíba, São José dos Campos, SP

Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, State University of Campinas

DDS, MSD, Department of Prosthodontics and Periodontics, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP

Luiz Kioaki Okazaki, University of Vale do Paraíba

DDS, MSD, PhD, School of Dentistry, University of Vale do Paraíba, São José dos Campos, SP

Leonardo Marchini, University of Vale do Paraíba; University of Taubaté; São José dos Campos School of Dentistry

DDS, MSD, PhD, School of Dentistry, University of Vale do Paraíba, São José dos Campos, SP. DDS, MSD, PhD, Dentistry Department, University of Taubaté, Taubaté, SP. DDS, MSD, PhD, São José dos Campos School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University– UNESP, São José dos Campos, SP

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Published

2015-11-16

How to Cite

1.
Shinozak EB, Santos MBF dos, Okazaki LK, Marchini L. Clinical assessment of the efficacy of low-level laser therapy on muscle pain in women with temporomandibular dysfunction, by surface electromyography. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 16 [cited 2022 Sep. 26];9(4):434-8. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641726

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