Association between temporomandibular disorder and body mass index in institutionalized children

Authors

  • Tatiana O. De Santis University Nove de Julho, UNINOVE
  • Manoela D. Martins University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE
  • Lara J. Motta University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE
  • Olga M. S. Amancio Federal University of São Paulo
  • Kristianne P. S. Fernandes University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE
  • Sandra K. Bussadori University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v9i4.8641740

Keywords:

Temporomandibular disorders, Stomatognathic system, body mass index, Orofacial structures, Masticatory muscles

Abstract

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a term applied to functional changes of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and associated structures of mastication. Aim: To investigate the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and TMD in children. Methods: 70 children between 6 and 14 years enrolled in the Rogationist Benevolent Institute of charity in the city of São Paulo (Brazil) underwent clinical examination by one calibrated examiner for the use of Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD. Weight and height were determined by anthropometric assessment for the diagnosis of nutritional status, and BMI was calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in meters squared (kg/m2 ). Descriptive analysis (mean and standard deviation) was used to characterize the sample. ANOVA complemented by the Least Significant Difference test was used to compare the mean anthropometric measurements between the genders and the groups with and without TMD. The significance level was set at 0.05. Results: We found a significantly high prevalence of TMD, as well as a significant association between TMD light and low body weight. Conclusions: The results show a high prevalence of TMD and a slight association between TMD and children with low body weight.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Tatiana O. De Santis, University Nove de Julho, UNINOVE

DDS, MSc student, Rehabilitation Sciences Program, University Nove de Julho, UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP

Manoela D. Martins, University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE

Ph.D. in Oral Pathology, Professor of the Master’s degree Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP

Lara J. Motta, University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE

MSc in Rehabilitation Sciences. Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP

Olga M. S. Amancio, Federal University of São Paulo

Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP

Kristianne P. S. Fernandes, University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE

Ph.D. in Immunology, Professor of the Master’s degree Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP

Sandra K. Bussadori, University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE

DDS, MSc, Ph.D., Professor of the Master’s degree Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, University Nove de Julho – UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP

Downloads

Published

2015-11-16

How to Cite

1.
De Santis TO, Martins MD, Motta LJ, Amancio OMS, Fernandes KPS, Bussadori SK. Association between temporomandibular disorder and body mass index in institutionalized children. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 16 [cited 2023 Feb. 6];9(4):459-63. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641740

Issue

Section

Article