Oral hygiene practices, parents’ education level and dental caries pattern in 0 to 5 years-old children

Authors

  • Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz Paulista State University
  • Ronald Jefferson Martins Paulista State University
  • Franklin Delano Soares Forte Paulista State University
  • Nemre Adas Saliba Paulista State University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v4i14.8641834

Keywords:

Dental caries. Oral health. Oral hygiene

Abstract

Understanding that dental caries has multifactorial aspects, we attempted to verify the influence of food habits, oral hygiene practices, and parents’ education level in the occurrence of this disease in children. One-hundred-thirty children, aged 0 to 60 months, both male and female, were examined in the municipality of Bilac- São Paulo- Brazil. The examination was carried out on the day of National Multivaccination Campaign, using the DMFT index, with the codes and criteria established by WHO. A questionnaire with open and closed questions about children’s food and hygiene habits and parents’/ tutors’ level of education was applied to parents/tutors. The data were processed using Epi-Info 6.04 software, having been considered significant at p<0.05. It was verified that 83% of the children were bottle fed at night. Of these, 79.6% had the contents of the bottle added with sugar, and this factor was associated with dental caries (p=0.01; OR=1.2; CI=0.2 – 2.3). Oral hygiene had been started before one year of age in 54.6% of the children, and it was carried out twice a day in 46.1% of the cases. Regarding the education level of parents, 51.5% of the mothers and 53.8% of the fathers had more than eight years of education. There was no relationship between the parents’ level of education and the presence of dental caries.

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Author Biographies

Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz, Paulista State University

bachelor's at Odontologia from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1986), master's at Odontology from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1997) and doctorate at Odontology from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1998). Has experience in Odontology, focusing on Odontology, acting on the following subjects: saúde bucal, gestantes, fluoretação de água, cárie dentária and sáude bucal.

Ronald Jefferson Martins, Paulista State University

bachelor's at Odontologia from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1992), master's at Odontology from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (2002) and doctorate at Odontology from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (2006). Has experience in Odontology, focusing on Social and Preventive Odontology, acting on the following subjects: flúor, cárie dentária, infeccção, articulação temporomandibular and serviço público.

Franklin Delano Soares Forte, Paulista State University

Possui Graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal da Paraíba (1995), Pós-Graduação em odontopediatria pela Universidade de Brasilia (1998), Mestrado em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (1999) e Doutorado em Odontologia Preventiva e Social pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (2003), Especialização em Ativação de processos de mudança na formação profissionais de saúde ENSP-FIO CRUZ (2008-2010).

Nemre Adas Saliba, Paulista State University

bachelor's at Odontologia from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1961), master's at Collective Health from Universidade de São Paulo (1963) and doctorate at Odontology from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1968). Has experience in Odontology, focusing on Social and Preventive Odontology, acting on the following subjects: saúde bucal, educação e saúde, cárie dentária, flúor and escovação dentária.

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Published

2015-11-19

How to Cite

1.
Moimaz SAS, Martins RJ, Forte FDS, Saliba NA. Oral hygiene practices, parents’ education level and dental caries pattern in 0 to 5 years-old children. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 19 [cited 2022 Sep. 25];4(14):778-82. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641834

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